Xiaochuan Lu

Associate Professor

Xiaochuan Lu
College of Science and Technology

Applied Engineering Technology

B.S.Material Science and Engineering / Hefei University of Technology
M.S.Material Science and Engineering / Shanghai University
Ph.D.Mechanical Engineering / Tennessee Technological University


Dr. Lu is an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Engineering Technology at North Carolina A&T State University (NC A&T). He has over fifteen years of experience in all kinds of materials for energy conversion and storage applications. Prior to joining NCAT, he was a Senior Research Scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and working on all types of batteries (e.g., Li-ion, Na-ion, and Na metal batteries), fuel cells (e.g., solid oxide fuel cells, proton-exchange membrane fuel cells, etc.), supercapacitors, magnetic materials, etc. Dr. Lu is an author or co-author of over 60 papers in peer-reviewed professional journals. And a few of his papers have been published in high impact journals such as Chemical Review, Nature Communications, Advanced Materials, and Energy & Environmental Science. He has also published 2 book chapters and 10 U.S. patents (4 granted).

Research Interests

Batteries (e.g., Na batteries, Li-ion batteries, redox flow batteries), fuel cells (e.g., solid oxide fuel cells, Zn-based fuel cells), and solid-state electrolytes (e.g., polymer electrolytes, ceramic electrolytes, composites)

External URL


Recent Publications

  • Hui Wang (2020). (A lithium-sulfur battery with a solution-mediated pathway operating under lean electrolyte conditions). pp. 105041 ). Nano Energy.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Xiaowen Zhan (2020). (A Low-Cost Durable Na-FeCl2 Battery with Ultrahigh Rate Capability). (10) 10, pp. 1903472 ). Advanced Energy Materials.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Xiaowen Zhan (2020). (Elucidating the role of anionic chemistry towards high-rate intermediate-temperature Na-metal halide batteries). 24, pp. 177--187 ). Energy Storage Materials.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Xiaowen Zhan (2020). (Emerging soluble organic redox materials for next-generation grid energy-storage applications). (2) 10, pp. 215--229 ). MRS Communications.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Xiaowen Zhan (2020). (Na-FeCl2 Batteries: A Low-Cost Durable Na-FeCl2 Battery with Ultrahigh Rate Capability (Adv. Energy Mater. 10/2020)). (10) 10, pp. 2070042 ). Advanced Energy Materials.
  • Tao Deng (2020). (Tuning the Anode--Electrolyte Interface Chemistry for Garnet-Based Solid-State Li Metal Batteries). pp. 2000030 ). Advanced Materials.
  • Hee Chang, Xiaochuan Lu (2018). (An Intermediate-Temperature High-Performance Na--ZnCl2 Battery). (11) 3, pp. 15702--15708 ). ACS omega.
  • Hee-Jung Chang, Xiaochuan Lu (2018). (Decorating $\beta$′′-alumina solid-state electrolytes with micron Pb spherical particles for improving Na wettability at lower temperatures). (40) 6, pp. 19703--19711 ). Journal of Materials Chemistry A.
  • Hee-Jung Chang, Xiaochuan Lu (2018). (“Ni-Less” Cathodes for High Energy Density, Intermediate Temperature Na--NiCl2 Batteries). (10) 5, pp. 1701592 ). Advanced Materials Interfaces.
  • Hee Chang, Xiaochuan Lu (2017). (Development of intermediate temperature sodium nickel chloride rechargeable batteries using conventional polymer sealing technologies). 348, pp. 150--157 ). Journal of Power Sources.
  • Hee Chang, Xiaochuan Lu (2017). (Effect of cathode thickness on the performance of planar Na-NiCl2 battery). 365, pp. 456--462 ). Journal of Power Sources.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu (2016). (Advanced intermediate temperature sodium--nickel chloride batteries with ultra-high energy density). (1) 7, pp. 1--6 ). Nature communications.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu (2016). (Development of Na-beta alumina batteries at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: From tubular to planar). (3) pp. 9 ). Energy Storage Science and Technology.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Yuxing Wang (2016). (Effect of Al2O3 on the sintering of garnet-type Li6. 5La3Zr1. 5Ta0. 5O12). 294, pp. 108--115 ). Solid State Ionics.
  • Xiujuan Jiang, Xiaochuan Lu (2016). (Mechanical and electrical properties of low temperature phase MnBi). (3) 119, pp. 033903 ). Journal of Applied Physics.
  • Mark Bowden, Xiaochuan Lu (2015). (A Low Cost, High Energy Density, and Long Cycle Life Potassium--Sulfur Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage). (39) 27, pp. 5915--5922 ). Advanced Materials.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu (2015). (An advanced Na--FeCl2 ZEBRA battery for stationary energy storage application). (12) 5, pp. 1500357 ). Advanced Energy Materials.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Wei Wang, Guochen Yang (2015). (Electrochemical cells for medium-and large-scale energy storage: Fundamentals). (Advances in batteries for medium and large-scale energy storage) pp. 3--28 ). Woodhead Publishing.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu (2015). (Enhanced sintering of $\beta$ ″-Al2O3/YSZ with the sintering aids of TiO2 and MnO2). 295, pp. 167--174 ). Journal of Power Sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Z Yang (2015). (Molten salt batteries for medium-and large-scale energy storage). (Advances in Batteries for Medium and Large-Scale Energy Storage) pp. 91--124 ). Woodhead Publishing.