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Xiaochuan Lu

Associate Professor

Xiaochuan Lu
Google Scholar

College of Science and Technology

Department
Applied Engineering Technology

Education
B.S.Material Science and Engineering / Hefei University of Technology
M.S.Material Science and Engineering / Shanghai University
Ph.D.Mechanical Engineering / Tennessee Technological University

Bio

Dr. Lu is an Associate Professor in the Department of Applied Engineering Technology at North Carolina A&T State University (NC A&T). He has over fifteen years of experience in all kinds of materials for energy conversion and storage applications. Prior to joining NCAT, he was a Senior Research Scientist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and working on all types of batteries (e.g., Li-ion, Na-ion, and Na metal batteries), fuel cells (e.g., solid oxide fuel cells, proton-exchange membrane fuel cells, etc.), supercapacitors, magnetic materials, etc. Dr. Lu is an author or co-author of over 60 papers in peer-reviewed professional journals. And a few of his papers have been published in high impact journals such as Chemical Review, Nature Communications, Advanced Materials, and Energy & Environmental Science. He has also published 2 book chapters and 10 U.S. patents (4 granted).

Research Interests

Batteries (e.g., Na batteries, Li-ion batteries, redox flow batteries), fuel cells (e.g., solid oxide fuel cells, Zn-based fuel cells), and solid-state electrolytes (e.g., polymer electrolytes, ceramic electrolytes, composites)

External URL

https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=nfocE6MAAAAJ&hl=en

Recent Publications

  • XC Lu, JH Zhu (2007). (Cu (Pd)-impregnated La0. 75Sr0. 25Cr0. 5Mn0. 5O3- $\delta$ anodes for direct utilization of methane in SOFC). (25-26) 178, pp. 1467--1475. Solid State Ionics.
  • XC Lu, JH Zhu (2007). (Ni--Fe+ SDC composite as anode material for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell). (2) 165, pp. 678--684. Journal of power sources.
  • ZG Lu, JH Zhu, ZH Bi, XC Lu (2008). (A Co--Fe alloy as alternative anode for solid oxide fuel cell). (1) 180, pp. 172--175. Journal of power sources.
  • XC Lu, JH Zhu (2008). (Amorphous ceramic material as sulfur-tolerant anode for SOFC). (10) 155, pp. B1053. Journal of the Electrochemical Society.
  • XC Lu, JH Zhu (2008). (Effect of Sr and Mg Doping on the Property and Performance of the La1- x Sr x Ga1- y Mg y O3- $\delta$ Electrolyte). (5) 155, pp. B494. Journal of the Electrochemical Society.
  • XC Lu, JH Zhu, ZH Bi (2009). (Fe alloying effect on the performance of the Ni anode in hydrogen fuel). (2-3) 180, pp. 265--270. Solid State Ionics.
  • XC Lu, JH Zhu, Zhenguo Yang, Guanguang Xia, Jeffry Stevenson (2009). (Pd-impregnated SYT/LDC composite as sulfur-tolerant anode for solid oxide fuel cells). (2) 192, pp. 381--384. Journal of Power Sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Guanguang Xia, John Lemmon, Zhenguo Yang (2010). (Advanced materials for sodium-beta alumina batteries: Status, challenges and perspectives). (9) 195, pp. 2431--2442. Journal of Power Sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Greg Coffey, Kerry Meinhardt, Vincent Sprenkle, Zhenguo Yang, John Lemmon (2010). (High power planar sodium-nickel chloride battery). (22) 28, pp. 7. ECS Transactions.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, John Lemmon, Vincent Sprenkle, Zhenguo Yang (2010). (Sodium-beta alumina batteries: Status and challenges). (9) 62, pp. 31--36. Jom.
  • Zhenguo Yang, Jianlu Zhang, Michael Kintner-Meyer, Xiaochuan Lu, Daiwon Choi, John Lemmon, Jun Liu (2011). (Electrochemical energy storage for green grid). (5) 111, pp. 3577--3613. Chemical reviews.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu, Christopher Coyle, Jin Kim, John Lemmon, Vincent Sprenkle, Zhenguo Yang (2012). (Novel ternary molten salt electrolytes for intermediate-temperature sodium/nickel chloride batteries). 220, pp. 193--198. Journal of Power Sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Guosheng Li, Jin Kim, John Lemmon, Vincent Sprenkle, Zhenguo Yang (2012). (The effects of temperature on the electrochemical performance of sodium--nickel chloride batteries). 215, pp. 288--295. Journal of power sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Brent Kirby, Wu Xu, Guosheng Li, Jin Kim, John Lemmon, Vincent Sprenkle, Zhenguo Yang (2013). (Advanced intermediate-temperature Na--S battery). (1) 6, pp. 299--306. Energy \& Environmental Science.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Guosheng Li, Jin Kim, John Lemmon, Vincent Sprenkle, Zhenguo Yang (2013). (A novel low-cost sodium--zinc chloride battery). (6) 6, pp. 1837--1843. Energy \& Environmental Science.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu, Jin Kim, John Lemmon, Vincent Sprenkle (2013). (Cell degradation of a Na--NiCl 2 (ZEBRA) battery). (47) 1, pp. 14935--14942. Journal of Materials Chemistry A.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, John Lemmon, Jin Kim, Vincent Sprenkle, Zhenguo Yang (2013). (High energy density Na--S/NiCl2 hybrid battery). 224, pp. 312--316. Journal of power sources.
  • David Reed, Greg Coffey, Eric Mast, Nathan Canfield, Jirgal Mansurov, Xiaochuan Lu, Vince Sprenkle (2013). (Wetting of sodium on $\beta$ ″-Al2O3/YSZ composites for low temperature planar sodium-metal halide batteries). 227, pp. 94--100. Journal of power sources.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu, Jin Kim, John Lemmon, Vincent Sprenkle (2014). (Improved cycling behavior of ZEBRA battery operated at intermediate temperature of 175 C). 249, pp. 414--417. Journal of Power Sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Guosheng Li, Jin Kim, Donghai Mei, John Lemmon, Vincent Sprenkle, Jun Liu (2014). (Liquid-metal electrode to enable ultra-low temperature sodium--beta alumina batteries for renewable energy storage). (1) 5, pp. 1--8. Nature Communications.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu, Jin Kim, Mark Engelhard, John Lemmon, Vincent Sprenkle (2014). (The role of FeS in initial activation and performance degradation of Na--NiCl2 batteries). 272, pp. 398--403. Journal of Power Sources.
  • Mark Bowden, Kyle Alvine, John Fulton, John Lemmon, Xiaochuan Lu, Bobbie-Jo Webb-Robertson, Steve Heald, Mahalingam Balasubramanian, Devon Mortensen, Gerald Seidler, others (2014). (X-ray absorption measurements on nickel cathode of sodium-beta alumina batteries: Fe--Ni--Cl chemical associations). 247, pp. 517--526. Journal of Power Sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Mark Bowden, Vincent Sprenkle, Jun Liu (2015). (A Low Cost, High Energy Density, and Long Cycle Life Potassium--Sulfur Battery for Grid-Scale Energy Storage). (39) 27, pp. 5915--5922. Advanced Materials.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu, Jin Kim, Vilayanur Viswanathan, Kerry Meinhardt, Mark Engelhard, Vincent Sprenkle (2015). (An advanced Na--FeCl2 ZEBRA battery for stationary energy storage application). (12) 5, pp. 1500357. Advanced Energy Materials.
  • Wei Wang, Xiaoliang Wei, Daiwon Choi, Xiaochuan Lu, Guochen Yang, C Sun (2015). (Electrochemical cells for medium-and large-scale energy storage: Fundamentals). (Advances in batteries for medium and large-scale energy storage) pp. 3--28. Woodhead Publishing.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Guosheng Li, Jin Kim, Kerry Meinhardt, Vincent Sprenkle (2015). (Enhanced sintering of $\beta$ ″-Al2O3/YSZ with the sintering aids of TiO2 and MnO2). 295, pp. 167--174. Journal of Power Sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Z Yang (2015). (Molten salt batteries for medium-and large-scale energy storage). (Advances in Batteries for Medium and Large-Scale Energy Storage) pp. 91--124. Woodhead Publishing.
  • Guosheng Li, Xiaochuan Lu, Jin Kim, Kerry Meinhardt, Hee Chang, Nathan Canfield, Vincent Sprenkle (2016). (Advanced intermediate temperature sodium--nickel chloride batteries with ultra-high energy density). (1) 7, pp. 1--6. Nature communications.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Guosheng Li, Kerry MEINHARDT, Vincent SPRENKLE (2016). (Development of Na-beta alumina batteries at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: From tubular to planar). (3) pp. 9. Energy Storage Science and Technology.
  • Yuxing Wang, Pengfei Yan, Jie Xiao, Xiaochuan Lu, Ji-Guang Zhang, Vincent Sprenkle (2016). (Effect of Al2O3 on the sintering of garnet-type Li6. 5La3Zr1. 5Ta0. 5O12). 294, pp. 108--115. Solid State Ionics.
  • Xiujuan Jiang, Timothy Roosendaal, Xiaochuan Lu, Olena Palasyuk, Kevin Dennis, Michael Dahl, Jung-Pyung Choi, Evgueni Polikarpov, Melania Marinescu, Jun Cui (2016). (Mechanical and electrical properties of low temperature phase MnBi). (3) 119, pp. 033903. Journal of Applied Physics.
  • Hee Chang, Xiaochuan Lu, Jeff Bonnett, Nathan Canfield, Sori Son, Yoon-Cheol Park, Keeyoung Jung, Vincent Sprenkle, Guosheng Li (2017). (Development of intermediate temperature sodium nickel chloride rechargeable batteries using conventional polymer sealing technologies). 348, pp. 150--157. Journal of Power Sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Hee Chang, Jeff Bonnett, Nathan Canfield, Keeyoung Jung, Vincent Sprenkle, Guosheng Li (2017). (Effect of cathode thickness on the performance of planar Na-NiCl2 battery). 365, pp. 456--462. Journal of Power Sources.
  • Xiaochuan Lu, Hee Chang, Jeffery Bonnett, Nathan Canfield, Keeyoung Jung, Vincent Sprenkle, Guosheng Li (2018). (An Intermediate-Temperature High-Performance Na--ZnCl2 Battery). (11) 3, pp. 15702--15708. ACS omega.
  • Hee-Jung Chang, Xiaochuan Lu, Jeffery Bonnett, Nathan Canfield, Keesung Han, Mark Engelhard, Keeyoung Jung, Vincent Sprenkle, Guosheng Li (2018). (Decorating $\beta$′′-alumina solid-state electrolytes with micron Pb spherical particles for improving Na wettability at lower temperatures). (40) 6, pp. 19703--19711. Journal of Materials Chemistry A.
  • Hee-Jung Chang, Xiaochuan Lu, Jeffery Bonnett, Nathan Canfield, Sori Son, Yoon-Cheol Park, Keeyoung Jung, Vincent Sprenkle, Guosheng Li (2018). (“Ni-Less” Cathodes for High Energy Density, Intermediate Temperature Na--NiCl2 Batteries). (10) 5, pp. 1701592. Advanced Materials Interfaces.
  • Hui Wang, Yuyan Shao, Huilin Pan, Xuefei Feng, Ying Chen, Yi-Sheng Liu, Eric Walter, Mark Engelhard, Kee Han, Tao Deng, others (2020). (A lithium-sulfur battery with a solution-mediated pathway operating under lean electrolyte conditions). pp. 105041. Nano Energy.
  • Xiaowen Zhan, Mark Bowden, Xiaochuan Lu, Jeffery Bonnett, Teresa Lemmon, David Reed, Vincent Sprenkle, Guosheng Li (2020). (A Low-Cost Durable Na-FeCl2 Battery with Ultrahigh Rate Capability). (10) 10, pp. 1903472. Advanced Energy Materials.
  • Xiaowen Zhan, Jonathan Sepulveda, Xiaochuan Lu, Jeff Bonnett, Nathan Canfield, Teresa Lemmon, Keeyoung Jung, David Reed, Vincent Sprenkle, Guosheng Li (2020). (Elucidating the role of anionic chemistry towards high-rate intermediate-temperature Na-metal halide batteries). 24, pp. 177--187. Energy Storage Materials.
  • Xiaowen Zhan, Xiaochuan Lu, David Reed, Vincent Sprenkle, Guosheng Li (2020). (Emerging soluble organic redox materials for next-generation grid energy-storage applications). (2) 10, pp. 215--229. MRS Communications.
  • Xiaowen Zhan, Mark Bowden, Xiaochuan Lu, Jeffery Bonnett, Teresa Lemmon, David Reed, Vincent Sprenkle, Guosheng Li (2020). (Na-FeCl2 Batteries: A Low-Cost Durable Na-FeCl2 Battery with Ultrahigh Rate Capability (Adv. Energy Mater. 10/2020)). (10) 10, pp. 2070042. Advanced Energy Materials.
  • Tao Deng, Xiao Ji, Yang Zhao, Longsheng Cao, Shuang Li, Sooyeon Hwang, Chao Luo, Pengfei Wang, Haiping Jia, Xiulin Fan, others (2020). (Tuning the Anode--Electrolyte Interface Chemistry for Garnet-Based Solid-State Li Metal Batteries). pp. 2000030. Advanced Materials.
  • Xiaochuan Lu (2021). (High performance sodium-sulfur batteries at low temperature enabled by superior molten Na wettability). 57, pp. 45--48. Chemical Communications.