Department of Animal Sciences

Ralph C. Noble, Chairperson


Baccalaureate degree programs in the Department of Animal Sciences prepare students for careers in animal sciences, biotechnology, biomedical research, pharmaceutical, and related industries, for graduate school, and for entry into veterinary and human medicine professional schools. The Department provides service to the people of North Carolina, the United States, and the world.


Animal Science – Bachelor of Science (Curriculum Guide)
Animal Science (Animal Industry) – Bachelor of Science (Curriculum Guide)
Laboratory Animal Science – Bachelor of Science (Curriculum Guide)

Interdisciplinary certificate programs in Biotechnology (18 credit hours), Waste Management (18 to 20 credit hours) and Agricultural and Natural Resources Information Science (18 credit hours) are offered to students enrolled in Bachelor of Science degree programs in the department.


The interdisciplinary certificate in biotechnology is available to undergraduate students interested in learning and preparing for careers in Biotechnology. Biotechnology is a rapidly growing field based on the application of biological organisms, systems, or processes to learning about the science of life and the improvement of the value of materials and organisms such as crops, livestock and pharmaceuticals.

Students enrolled in the certificate program will acquire special skills in biotechnology, be exposed to cutting edge instruments and equipment, participate in critical assessment of biotechnology methods and approaches and obtain recognition in the form of a certificate at graduation.

The program requires 18 credit hours consisting of nine core credits and nine elective credits. Core requirements are concurrent with major degree requirements. Biotechnology certificate credits can be used toward the completion of degrees in the following majors: Animal Sciences, Food and Nutritional Sciences, Natural Resources and Environmental Design, Horticulture, Chemistry, Biology and Chemical Engineering. 
Each student enrolled in the certificate program must satisfactorily complete a minimum of 9 credit hours from the following courses: Core credits 9 credit hours:  MATH 131, MATH 132, PHYS 225, PHYS 235, PHYS 226, PHYS 236, CHEM 106, CHEM 116, CHEM 107, CHEM 117, CHEM 251, CHEM 252, BIOL 101, BIOL 102.

Elective credits 9 credit hours: Agriculture majors are required to take ANSC 214 and ANSC 665 and an interdisciplinary elective.

Suggested Interdisciplinary courses: ANSC 637, LASC 660, BIOL 401, BIOL 466, BIOL 630, BIOL 671, BIOL 620, BIOL 650, CHEN 605, CHEN 608, CHEN 655, CHEM 451, CHEM 422, CHEM 651 and 652, HORT 600, MCEN 310, NARS 600, NARS 667, HEFS 652.

The Department of Animal Sciences offers the Certificate in Equine Management curriculum, designed to prepare students for positions within the horse industry. The curriculum is management oriented, preparing graduates for the widest range of available equine jobs; areas of specialization may be pursued during the internship. Farm management, breeding, nutrition, selection/judging, and health are covered in detail; training, teaching, and riding are also included. The graduates' wide spectrum of knowledge suits them for jobs with many different types of equine operations: grooms to assistant managers, private to recreational and racing barns; breed to discipline-oriented farms.

The Certificate in Equine Management is available to students in all university majors. The Certificate is awarded during Commencement. Interested students are required to complete 21 semester hours from the following courses: ANSC 218, 219, 220, 313, 314, 432 (formerly 614) and LASC 398 (formerly 363).


Admission of students to the undergraduate degree programs in the Department of Animal Sciences is based upon the general admission requirements of the University. The B.S. degree in Animal Science, the B.S. with a concentration in Animal Science (Animal Industry) and the B.S. degree in Laboratory Animal Science requires a minimum of 120 semester hours. It is a university requirement that students complete three hours of Social/Behavioral Sciences, three hours of Global Awareness, and six hours of Humanities/Fine Arts. During summer vacations, internships are strongly recommended. During matriculation through the degree program, hands-on activities with various animal species are built into our education program. The various species are available on-campus through the Laboratory Animal Resource facility as well as our beef, dairy, equine, poultry, small ruminant (meat goats and sheep), swine and poultry units.


Graduates from the department have numerous and varied career opportunities that are related to the area of a student’s specialization and interest.  Careers include but are not limited to: sales positions in animal science and related industries; feed, food, and animal health professionals; technical professionals in biotechnology, biomedical and pharmaceutical industries, managerial, administrative, and public relations positions; product managers in swine, beef, dairy, poultry, sheep, and goat production; careers in veterinary and human medicine; consultants, representatives and managers with animal breeding and livestock marketing organizations and stockyard companies; technicians with zoos, kennels and similar facilities, breed companies and production animal agriculture; teachers and researchers in education; extension specialists and livestock insurance representatives; federal agency officials; managers with commercial feedlots, and laboratory technicians; managers, researchers, and technicians with livestock processing plants; and journalists with radio and television stations.

(Pre-Veterinary Medicine)

Preparation for admission to Veterinary and Human Medical Schools is offered through the degree programs in Laboratory Animal Science or Animal Sciences. These programs have become the first choice programs for students aspiring to enter  medical professional schools.


ANSC 163. Animal and Laboratory Animal Sciences (formerly ANSC 211) Credit 3(2-2)
Basic genetics, physiology, nutrition, animal products, processing, disease control, euthanasia, anesthesiology, and pharmacology. Production practices, management, and health of livestock and animals used in biomedical research. Prerequisite: LASC 162. (F;S)

ANSC 212. Feeds and Feeding Credit 3(3-0)
Composition and nutrient content of feeds, basic principles of feeding, comparative digestive systems, basic principles of nutrition for ruminant and monogastric animals. Prerequisites: LASC 162 and ANSC 211. (S)

ANSC 214. Agricultural Genetics Credit 3(3-0)
Basic principles of heredity in relation to animal and plant improvement. Laboratory in cytology and the genetic basis of inheritance. Prerequisite: BIOL 101, 240, or 160. (F;S)

ANSC 217. Anatomy and Physiology of Farm Animals Credit 3(2-2)
Structures and functions of the body systems and organs of domestic animals. Prerequisites: ANSC 211 163 (formerly ANSC 211), BIOL 160. (S)

ANSC 312. Meat and Meat Products Credit 3(2-2)
Meats from the consumer, processor, and producer standpoints. Meat as a food; inspection, grading, processing, preservation, and identification. (F)

ANSC 311 Livestock Production (formerly ANSC 411) Credit 3(2-2)
Selection, breeding, feeding, management of beef cattle, goats and sheep. Prerequisite: ANSC 212. (F)

ANSC 316. Swine Production (formerly ANSC 416) Credit 3(2-2)
Breeding, nutrition, production, and management in modern swine enterprises. Marketing and economic aspects of swine production. Swine production and the environment. Prerequisite: ANSC 163 (formerly ANSC 211). (S)

ANSC 413. Sanitation and Diseases of Farm Animals Credit 2(2-0)
Sanitation and the common diseases of livestock with reference to causes, prevention and treatment as well as their relation to the environment. (F)

ANSC 415. Horse Production Credit 3(2-2)
A survey of the light horse industry in the U.S. Horse Breeds and registry associations. Breeding, care, and management in the light Horse. Comparative judging of breed groups' preventative procedures; disease control. (F)

ANSC 417.  Global Livestock Systems Credit 3(3-0)
Global trends in livestock production for food security and safety. Prerequisite: Senior standing. (F;S;SS)

ANSC 431. Principles of Animal Nutrition Credit 3(3-0)
Fundamental of modern animal nutrition; classification of nutrients, nutrient metabolism; nutrient partitioning in production. Prerequisites: ANSC 212 or permission of instructor. (F)

ANSC  432. Animal Breeding (formerly ANSC 614) Credit 3(3-0)
Application of genetic and breeding principles to livestock production and improvement. Phenotypic and genotypic effects of selection methods; mating systems. Prerequisites: ANSC 163 (formerly 211) and 214. (F)

ANSC 433. Selection of Meat and Meat Products (formerly ANSC 615) Credit 3(2-2)
Identification, grading and cutting of meats. (SS)

ANSC 435. Special Problems in Livestock Management (formerly ANSC 619) Credit 3(3-0)
Problems in feeding, breeding and management in beef cattle, sheep and swine production. Prerequisite: Senior standing. (F)

ANSC 436. Physiology of Reproduction in Vertebrate Species Credit 3(1-6)
Mechanisms for reproductive processes with special emphasis on their interaction with the disciplines of nutrition, immunology and biochemistry. Prerequisite: ANSC 163 or permission of instructor. (S)

ANSC 437. Techniques in Biotechnology Credit 3 (0-0)
Basic principles and laboratory experiences in biotechnology.  Concepts of DNA structure, function, related applications in biotechnology.  Methods: isolating DNA and RNA; genomic DNA and plasmid DNA analysis, gel electrophoresis, Southern hybridization, gene probes, and more. Prerequisites: CHEM 251, ANSC 214; BIOL 466 or permission of instructor. (F;S)

ANSC 441. Disease Management of Livestock and Poultry
Prevention and control of diseases in livestock species and Poultry; Micro and macroenvironments that result in disease. Prerequisite: ANSC 351 (formerly ANSC 451). (S)

ANSC 611. Principles of Animal Nutrition Credit 3(3-0)
Fundamental of modern animal nutrition; classification of nutrients, nutrient metabolism; nutrient partitioning in production. (S)

ANSC 624. Physiology of Reproduction in Vertebrate Species Credit 3(2-2)
Mechanisms of reproductive processes with special emphasis on their interaction with the disciplines of nutrition, immunology and biochemistry. Prerequisite: LASC 461, 623, or permission of instructor. (F)

ANSC 637. Environmental Toxicology Credit 3(3-0)
Basic principles of environmental toxicology; regulatory perspectives; spills, anthropogenic pollution problems; ecological and human risk assessments; overview of classes of toxic agents, routes of exposure, target animals (aquatic, terrestrial, and mammalian species), and toxicological testing. Prerequisites: BIOL 101, CHEM 106 or 107, and CHEM 251. (S)

ANSC 665. Techniques in Biotechnology Credit 3(2-2)
Basic principles and laboratory experiences in biotechnology. Concepts of DNA structure, function, related applications in biotechnology. Methods: isolating DNA and RNA; genomic DNA and plasmid DNA analysis, gel electrophoresis, Southern hybridization, gene probes, and more. Prerequisite: CHEM 251, ANSC 214, BIOL 466, or permission of instructor. (F;S)

ANSC 713. Advanced Livestock Production Credit 3(2-2)
Research relating to various phases of livestock production; the livestock enterprise on the whole farm system. Overall economic performance. (F)


ANSC 421. Dairy Cattle Production Credit 3(2-2)
Lactation, management and nutrition for efficient milk production. Dairy cattle breeding and selection. Care of dairy equipment and dairy cattle records. Prerequisite: ANSC 212. (F)


ANSC 354. Fundamentals of Poultry Breeding Credit 4(3-2)
Breeding, selection, and improvement of poultry. Prerequisites: ANSC 214 and 351 (formerly ANSC 451). (S)

ANSC 351.Poultry Production (formerlyANSC 451) Credit 3(2-2)
Principles and practices of poultry production. Prerequisite: ANSC 163 (formerly ANSC 211). (F)

ANSC 455. Advanced Commercial Poultry Management (formerly ANSC 555) Credit 4(3-2)
Management of poultry farm and hatchery operation will be emphasized. Prerequisite: ANSC 351 (formerly ANSC 451). (F)

ANSC 641. Disease Management of Livestock and Poultry Credit 3(2-2)
Prevention and control of diseases in livestock species and Poultry; Micro and macroenvironments that result in disease. Prerequisite: ANSC 351 (formerly ANSC 451)
. (S)


LASC 161. Orientation I Credit l(1-0)
Orientation to college academic life with consideration for program demands, learning techniques and resources. (F)

LASC 162. Introduction to Animal and Laboratory Animal Sciences Credit 3(3-0)
Ethical considerations, basic sciences, history of use, laws, and guidelines in using livestock and laboratory animals. (F)

LASC 261. Medical Terminology Credit 3(3-0)
Introduction to medical terminology; vocabulary building using Latin and Greek terms as it relates to basic anatomy, physiology, and pathology. (F;S)

LASC  361. Integrated Anatomy (formerly LASC 459) Credit 4(3-3)
The origin, development, and structure of bio-systems in laboratory animals, food animals and companion animals will be studied. Prerequisite: LASC 261. (F)

LASC  362. Microscopic Anatomy (formerly LASC 460) Credit 3(2-3)
Microscopic studies of cells and tissues of laboratory, food, and companion animals. Prerequisite: LASC 361 (formerly LASC 459). (F;S)

LASC 365. Biology, Diseases and Care of Laboratory Animal Credit 4(3-3)
The biology, diseases and care of laboratory animals; behavior of common laboratory animals; handling, restraint; necropsy and diagnostic procedures: anesthesia, aseptic surgical procedures. (F)

LASC 398. Internship I (formerly LASC 363) Credit 1-6(0-2 to 12)
Preparation and field experiences with activities in Laboratory Animal Sciences. Prerequisites: Junior standing and special departmental permission. (F;S;SS)

LASC 436. Principles of Toxicology (formerly LASC 636) Credit 3(2-3)
General principles involved in absorption, distribution, and excretion of toxicants, biotransformation, adverse effects, and factors that modify their effects. Toxic effects on specific target organs. (S)

LASC 453. Laboratory Animal Management and Clinical Techniques (formerly LASC 653) Credit 4(2-6)
Principles, theories and current concepts of laboratory animal science. Government regulations, ethical considerations, animal facility management and animal health surveillance. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor. (S)

LASC 461. Physiology of Domestic Animals Credit 3(2-2)
Function of bio-systems in laboratory animals, farm animals, and companion animals. Prerequisite: LASC 361 (formerly LASC 459). (S)

LASC 462. Principles of Medical Sciences Credit 3(3-0)
Basic concepts of diseases and the biological reactions to disease within the living body. Basic concepts on the living body; cell injury, inflammatory reactions; circulatory disturbances; immune disorders; growth disturbances; and the nature and cause of disease. (F)

LASC 464. Introduction to Research (formerly LASC 564) Credit 3(2-3)
Biomedical research techniques including fundamental laboratory investigations, precepts of the scientific method and experimental design; application of scientific instrumentation. Prerequisite: Senior standing. (S)

LASC 467. Immunological Techniques Credit 3(1-6)
This course discusses the principles and theory of techniques commonly used in research and diagnosis laboratories. The techniques covered include: radial immunodiffusion, immunohistochemistry, ELISA, western blot, and flow cytometry. The course is a combination of lecture and laboratory whereby the theory and principles these techniques are presented and opportunity for hands application of some of these techniques offered. Prerequisite: Senior standing. (S)

LASC 489. Seminar in Laboratory Animal Science (formerly LASC 569) Credit 1(1-0)
Discussion of current topics in laboratory animal science or histotechnology. (F)

LASC 498. Internship II (formerly LASC 463) Credit 3-6(0-6 to 12)
Field experiences in veterinary medical activities. Prerequisites: LASC 398 (formerly 363) or special departmental permission. (F;S;SS)

LASC 660. Special Techniques in Specimen Preparation, Immunological Techniques, Electron Microscopy, Radiology or Histotechnology Credit 3(1-6)
Special expertise in either the preparation of animal models for classroom, museum, and special display, the theoretical and practical aspects of immunological techniques, electron and light microscopy, radiology, tissue culture or histochemistry. Prerequisite: Senior standing or special departmental permission. (F;S)

Uchenna Y. Anele
Assistant Professor
B.S., Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudlike; M.S., University of Agriculture, Abeokuta; Ph.D., University of Bonn, Germany

Yewande Fasina
Assistant Professor
B.A., Obafemi Awolowo University (Nigeria); M.Sc., Ph.D., University of Saskatchewan

Andrea R. Gentry
Assistant Professor
B.S., North Carolina A&T State University; DVM, North Carolina State University

Radiah Corn Minor
Associate Professor
B.S., Florida A&M University; Ph.D., Meharry Medical College

Ralph C. Noble
Associate Professor and Chairperson
B.S., M.S., Tuskegee University; Ph.D., University Illinois-Champaign-Urbana

Jenora Waterman
Associate Professor
B.S., Bennett College; M.S., North Carolina A&T State University; Ph.D., North Carolina State University

Kyha D. Williams
Adjunct Assistant Professor
B.S., North Carolina A&T State University; DVM, North Carolina State University

Mulumebet Worku
B.Sc., Addis Ababa University, Alemaya College of Agriculture; M.S., Ph.D., University of Maryland, College Park