Who is Covered by Title IX

NCAT receives federal financial assistance in many forms, including grants from federal agencies for faculty research and is required as a federal contractor to adhere to Title IX requirements. Failing to comply with Title IX or other federal civil rights requirements can result in the termination of all or part of a university’s federal funding, including awards for faculty research.

Educational institutions are required to provide women and men in all disciplines, including science, technology, engineering and mathematics, comparable resources, support, and promotional opportunities.

Title IX requires that males and females receive fair and equal treatment in all areas of education, including athletics.

Other areas that fall within the scope of Title IX include:

Recruitment, admissions, scholarships, and financial aid

Course offerings and access

Sexual harassment, including sexual assault and sexual violence

FACTS ABOUT TITLE IX

False: Title IX only applies to athletic programs.
One of the most widely held misconceptions about Title IX is that it only applies to athletic programs. Other areas that fall within the scope of Title IX include:

  • Recruitment, admissions, financial aid, and scholarships

  • Course offerings and access

  • Counseling services

  • Hiring, retention, and promotion of employees

  • Benefits and leave

Title IX also prohibits sexual harassment, which includes sexual assault and sexual violence. Additional information regarding what behaviors may constitute sexual harassment and other forms of sexual misconduct is available.

True: Title IX requires that a female athletic opportunity is equitable with male programs.
Title IX creates parity in athletics, as well as other educational opportunities and experiences for men and women. Title IX does not require schools to cut men’s athletic programs. Each school determines how it will comply with Title IX regulations.

False: Title IX applies only to discrimination against women.
Title IX requires that males and females receive fair and equal treatment in all areas of education.

False: According to Title IX, all educational activities and programs must be co-ed and open to both men and women.
Title IX specifically allows for, or has been interpreted to allow for, single-sex programs in a number of categories including religious schools, traditional men’s or women’s colleges, social fraternities and sororities, and youth service organizations such as the Boy/Girl Scouts of America and beauty pageants.

True: Title IX prohibits gender bias in science, medicine, and engineering.
The under-representation of women in science, medicine, and engineering may violate Title IX. Educational institutions are required to provide women in these disciplines resources, support, and promotional opportunities comparable to their male colleagues.

True: Advocates for victims of Title IX who file complaints of discrimination for others are protected from retaliation under Title IX.
The United States Supreme Court broadened the interpretation of Title IX to protect whistle-blowers who accuse educational institutions of sex discrimination from retaliation. The court is of the opinion that reporting incidents of discrimination is integral to Title IX enforcement and would be discouraged if retaliation against those who report it goes unpunished.