Department of Political Science and Criminal Justice

http://www.ncat.edu/academics/schools-colleges1/cas/polisci/index.html

Maruice Mangum, Chairperson

OBJECTIVES

The specific objectives of the Political Science Program are as follows:

  1. to help students develop an understanding of the operation of government at various levels.
  2. to encourage students to engage in critical discourse of political and social issues.
  3. to prepare students for advanced study.
  4. to provide skills for employment in public and private organizations.

The specific objectives of the Criminal Justice Program are as follows:

  1. to provide a broad-based liberal arts education with particular focus on the nature and causes of crime and delinquency, the correctional system, the courts, the police, the juvenile justice system, security and domestic violence.
  2. to increase the pool of students with research skills and techniques in the field of criminal justice.
  3. to provide an interdisciplinary focus of study in the field of criminal justice.
  4. to increase the pool of talented and qualified minority students in this growing area of public service and professional practice.

The specific objectives of the Certificate in Forensic Science – Crime Scene Investigation program are as follows:

  1. to prepare students to function as crime scene investigators within law enforcement agencies at various levels of government.
  2. to provide students with critical knowledge of the criminal justice system, criminal law and scientific methodology.
  3. to provide students with basic skills in criminal investigation and laboratory procedures and technologies.
  4. to prepare students to communicate effectively, think critically and methodically solve problems.
  5. to instruct students on professional standards and ethics, safety protocols and operational policies and regulations.

DEGREES OFFERED

Political Science – Bachelor of Arts (Curriculum Guide)
Criminal Justice – Bachelor of Science (Curriculum Guide)
Criminal Justice – Bachelor of Science with Certificate in Forensic Science – Crime Scene Investigation (Curriculum Guide)
Crime Scene Investigation – Certificate in Forensic Science (non-degree)

GENERAL PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS

The admission of students to the undergraduate degree programs in the Department of Political Science and Criminal Justice Program is based upon the general admission requirements of the University.

Political Science is the study of governments, public policies, and political behavior. Political Science uses both humanistic and scientific perspectives and skills to examine public power, social transformations, the nature of democracies, elections, public opinion, constitutions, technology and society, public policy, and similar issues. The Political Science degree program offers courses in the following fields: American Government, Public Policy and Administration, Political Theory, Research Methodology, and International Affairs.

The Department of Political Science and Criminal Justice requires students to develop competence in the use of modern political technology and information management systems. Students have access to excellent computing facilities as well as access to the Political and Social Research Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Laboratory. Students learn how to design, administer, and analyze surveys by working with the Political Science and Criminal Justice Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing Laboratory (CATI).

Criminal Justice will provide students with knowledge of the nature and causes of crime, criminal justice processes, security and law enforcement. Students will be introduced to social scientific methods and technologies and theoretical models needed for analysis and critique of the criminal justice system.

The Certificate in Forensic Science – Crime Scene Investigation program concentrates on crime scene investigation as distinguished from forensic science laboratory analysis. The crime scene investigator is oriented to field operations and the collection of evidence for laboratory evaluation. The professional practice of crime scene investigation requires an understanding of professional ethics, competency in safety protocols and laboratory procedures, knowledge of criminal law and the legal process, effective written and verbal communication skills and competency in the collection and preservation of evidence.

The Certificate in Forensic Science – Crime Scene Investigation program is structured as a concentration within the criminal justice program in the Department of Political Science and Criminal Justice. The Certificate in Forensic Science – Crime Scene Investigation program adheres to the directives and recommendations of the National Academy of Sciences report, Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward (2009) and the National Institute of Justice’s 2004 report, Education and Training in Forensic Science: A Guide for Forensic Science Laboratories, Educational Institutions and Students. The certificate can be earned as a concentration with the Bachelor of Science degree in Criminal Justice or it can be earned separately without the completion of the requirements for the Bachelor's degree.

The departments of Political Science and Criminal Justice, Psychology, and Sociology and Social Work provide the elective courses for the criminal justice curriculum. Instruction and research emphasizes interdisciplinary. Students in this program have the same access as Political Science majors to the Geographic Information Science (GIS) and Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) Laboratory.

DEPARTMENTAL  REQUIREMENTS

Political Science Major – Completion of a minimum of 120 semester hours of University courses. Included in the 120 semester hours are 37 hours of political science major courses, 15 hours of political science electives, 6 hours of International Relations and Comparative Politics courses. Students must also complete 34 hours of general education requirements, 6 hours of a foreign language and courses in speech, economics and health. A minimum grade of “C” must be attained in the major courses.

Students desiring to minor in political science must complete 18 semester hours in political science, including POLI 110 POLI 250, POLI 221 and POLI 444. A student must have completed a minimum of 24 hours of academic credits before declaring a minor, must have a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0 and may not have more than two minors.

Criminal Justice Major – Completion of a minimum of 120 semester hours of University courses. Included in the 120 hours are POLI 110 or POLI 215, 34 hours of criminal justice major courses, 15 hours of criminal justice electives, 32 hours of general education requirements, 6 hours of foreign language and courses in speech, economics, global studies and health.

Students desiring to minor in criminal justice must complete 18 semester hours in criminal justice, including CRJS 230 and CRJS 240. A student must have completed a minimum of 24 hours of academic credits before declaring a minor, must have a minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0 and may not have more than two minors.

Bachelors of Science in Criminal Justice with Certificate in Forensic Science – Crime Scene Investigation – Completion of a minimum of 120 semester hours of university courses. Included in the 120 hours are POLI 110 or POLI 215, 34 hours of criminal justice major courses, 24 hours in forensic science curriculum, 9 hours of criminal justice electives, 33 hours of general education requirements, 6 hours of foreign language and courses in speech, psychology and health. A minimum grade of “C” must be attained in the major and required core courses.

Students cannot minor in the certificate program.

Certificate in Forensic Science – Crime Scene Investigation – Completion of a minimum of 48 semester hours of courses in the forensic science curriculum. A minimum grade of "C" must be attained in the major and required core courses.

CAREER OPPORTUNITIES

A baccalaureate degree in Political Science prepares students for careers in government, public administration, law (for those continuing to law school), business, campaign management, foreign service, industry, interest groups, journalism, international affairs, teaching, research, and leadership in civic and political activities.

A baccalaureate degree in Criminal Justice prepares students to enter the broad array of career options. Criminal Justice graduates can use their knowledge and research skills in very rewarding and meaningful ways in employment in the fields of law enforcement, court related occupations security and corrections. This program will also provide an interdisciplinary foundation for students seeking advancement in these careers or wishing to pursue a graduate or professional degree.

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS IN POLITICAL SCIENCE

POLI 100. Introduction to Political Science (formerly POLI 150) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an introduction to major concepts in political science including political culture, socialization, ideologies, institutions, processes, public policy, human rights, and interaction among nations. Majors only. (F;S;SS)

POLI 101. Writing for the Social Sciences Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed to introduce Political Science majors to oral and written communication and critical thinking in the social sciences. The course focuses on building error-free sentences, concept formulation and proper citation, e.g., APA and MLA. (F;S;SS)

POLI 110. American Government and Politics (formerly POLI 200) Credit 3(3-0)
This course introduces the student to the study of politics through an analysis of major features of the American polity. Topics to be treated include the political self-understanding of Americans, the founding of the political system, the operation of our political institutions, and the forms of political participation. (F;S;SS)

POLI 215. State and Local Government  (formerly POLI 210) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a study of the structure and functions of state and local government in the United States and their relationship within the federal system. Special consideration is given to contemporary problems. (F;S;SS)

POLI 221. Political Theory (formerly POLI 440) Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides an overview of western political philosophy from its origins in the 5th Century B.C. to the latest controversies over multiculturalism, the nature of the liberal state, the role of racial inequality in modern democracies, of this area of political science and its relevance to the field. The approach considers ancient medieval thought as a unit and modern political thought as a separate unit. (F;SS)

POLI 233. Political Research Methods I (formerly POLI 333) Credit 3(3-0)
This course introduces students to qualitative and quantitative research design, problem formulation, hypothesis construction and testing. Students will learn procedures for collecting and analyzing political data. Research on a specific political subject is required. (F;SS)

POLI 234. Political Research Methods II (formerly POLI 334) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of Political Research Methods I, focusing on data analysis, interpretation and computer utilization. Prerequisites: POLI 223 or CRJS 331. (S;SS)

POLI 240. Public Administration (formerly POLI 340) Credit 3(3-0)
Emphasis is devoted to basic principles of organization, location of authority, fiscal management, personnel management, and forms of administrative action in the public service, technological and managerial advancements. (F;SS)

POLI 250. Introduction to Public Policy Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed to provide the student with basic knowledge of public policy. Students will survey the approaches and methods of policy studies, contemporary policy issues, and future considerations of public policies. (F;S;SS)

POLI 251. / CRJS 251. Introduction to Statistics (formerly POLI 290 / CRJS 290) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an introduction to elementary statistical reasoning, descriptive statistics, frequency distribution, graphics, measures of central tendency and dispersion. Correlation and regression techniques are also taught. Focus is on political science and criminal justice research. Taken concurrently with POLI 252. Prerequisite: CRJS 100 or POLI 100. (F;S;SS)

POLI 252. / CRJS 252. Introduction to Statistics Lab  (formerly POLI 291 / CRJS 291) Credit 1(0-2)
The laboratory provides first hand experiences in practical use of statistical methods. Computer software (e.g., SPSS) will be used to analyze, interpret and graph data. Taken concurrently with POLI 251. Prerequisite: CRJS 100 or POLI 100. (F;S;SS)

POLI 270. Introduction to International Relations Credit 3(3-0)
This course broadens students’ understanding of key concepts, debates and theoretical perspectives across a variety of sub-fields such as comparative politics, international relations, comparative and international political economy, and regional studies. Furthermore, students learn about various research methods and designs used to answer questions about political systems, economic policies, human rights, environmental policies and other contemporary international issues. Prerequisites: POLI 100 and POLI 110. (F;S;SS)

POLI 310. Comparative Politics Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a survey of the politics and governments of selected political systems highlighting their commonalities and particularities. Special consideration is given to aspects of political development. (F)

POLI 311. Blacks in the American Political System (formerly POLI 220) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed primarily to facilitate the development of a frame of reference which will make it possible for students to organize and interpret political phenomena involving Black people living in the United States. Special emphasis is placed on understanding the Black predicament in this country, causes and changes. (F;S;SS)

POLI 312. Politics of Transportation (formerly POLI 448) Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes an analysis of the political roots of various transportation problems, such as highway location issues, mass transit issues, and the interest group struggle of transportation innovation. The working mechanisms of federal, state and local transportation related units will also be considered. Case studies of local, regional and national issues will be included. Prerequisite: Junior standing. (F)

POLI 313. Women in Politics (formerly POLI 450) Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines the development of women in politics from four different vantage points: a historical overview, a politico-economic and cultural development perspective, a view from electoral politics and electoral participation, and a view from a global perspective. This course begins with a historical analysis part of the course focuses on political, social, economic and cultural changes in women's lives, the forces behind those changes, and their reflection in American national public policy. The third segment of the course studies women as relatively new participants in U.S. electoral politics, and the challenges and opportunities for women as candidates and officeholders. This part of the course examines the specific trajectory of African-American women in electoral politics as case studies to illustrate broader developments in the body politic. Finally, the fourth part of the course examines the above issues from a global perspective. (F)

POLI 314. Southern Politics (formerly POLI 460) Credit 3(3-0)
The course presents an examination of political patterns and recent trends within the states of the former confederacy. Topics include southern race relations, African American political participation, demographic changes, party realignment and competitiveness, the Civil Rights movement, and the impact of the South on national politics. (S)

POLI 315. Party Politics and Pressure Groups (formerly POLI 541Credit 3(3-0)
This course deals with modern political parties in the United States as instruments of popular government. Special emphasis is placed upon party structure, functions and operations as they relate to African Americans. Prerequisite: POLI 110. (DEMAND)

POLI 350. Public Personnel Administration Credit 3(3-0)
This course focuses on the theory and practice of public personnel administration with emphasis on public personnel selection, training, classification, compensation, promotion and human relations. (DEMAND)

POLI 360. Political Economy (formerly POLI 390) Credit 3(3-0)
This course will examine the interaction between economic models and political processes and institutions. Students will compare how specific economic theories and practices shape public policy as well as how political ideologies support particular economic policies in the United States and abroad. Prerequisites: POLI 200 and ECON 200. (F;S;SS)

POLI 361. Mass Political Attitudes and Behavior (formerly POLI 400) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a study of mass political attitudes and their expression in various forms of political activity. Topics include opinion and democratic theory; social, psychological and institutional influences on political behavior; and opinion measurement and mass movements. (DEMAND)

POLI 362. Public Policy and Technology (formerly POLI 410) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed primarily for students in sciences and engineering; however, it does not exclude students in other disciplines, especially business and economics. Students will study the social, economic, human, and environmental impact of technological development. The role of scientists and technologists in selected policy choices will be examined. (DEMAND)

POLI 363. Environmental Policy (formerly POLI 415) Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines major environmental policies dealing with air pollution, water pollution, and solid wastes. Attention will be given to controversies in policy formulation, institutional arrangements for policy implementation, and the socio-economic and ecological impacts of these policies. (S)

POLI 364. Public Budgeting (formerly POLI 420) Credit 3(3-0)
The course deals with the evolution, process, and impact of public budgeting. Special attention is given to the purpose, models, reforms and key factors involved. Budgeting is viewed from the federal, state and local levels. (DEMAND)

POLI 365. Policy Analysis (formerly POLI 430) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an introduction to the foundation and methods of policy analysis. Statistical and economic methods are presented with case studies. (DEMAND)

POLI 366. Public Policy and Health Disparities Credit 3(3-0)
This course draws on insights from the political science and public administration disciplines to examine the multifaceted issue of health disparities in the United States health care system. Traditionally marginalized, poor, racial and ethnic communities and groups with disparities based on gender, sexual preference and identity, physical and mental disability will be examined at the systemic and institutional level. (F;S;SS)

POLI 431. The American Presidency Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an examination of the institution of the presidency through a focus on its constitutional foundations and relations with Congress, the Executive Office of the President, policy-making, the cabinet, executive branch, selection process, power and leadership. (F;S;SS)

POLI 432. The U.S. Congress Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines the complexity and conflicts of the institution and its members. This course explores the constitutional foundation and structure, committees, procedures, elections and its relation to the Presidency and the Supreme Court. There will be considerable focus on policy-making and reform. (F;S;SS)

POLI 433. The Judiciary Credit 3(3-0)
This course is intended to familiarize the student with the organization of American state and federal courts, their role in our society, the process in practice through which judges act, and their impact on politics and policy. In addition, the course will provide an introduction to how political scientists evaluate courts and the behavior of judges. (F;S;SS)

POLI 434. International Organization  (formerly POLI 544) Credit 3(3-0)
This course analyzes the role of international organizations in world politics. Particular emphasis is given to the various approaches of international organizations in fostering peace and economic and social cooperation. Some attention will be given to the United Nations system as well as such defense, political, and economic arrangements as NATO, OAS, SEATO and the European communities. (S)

POLI 441. The Politics of Free Trade Credit 3(3-0)
This course will examine the relationship between politics and free trade agreements. This course will include an overall study of bilateral, regional and multilateral trade agreements. The particular themes that will be addressed include the structure of trade negotiations; global trade institutions, the influence of labor, civil society and business on trade negotiations; and the impact of trade agreements on developed and developing countries as well as industries within those countries. Prerequisite: ECON 200. (F;S)

POLI 442. American Constitutional Law Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a case study of major Supreme Court Decisions, the Judiciary, the Congress, the President, the Federal System, the First Amendment Freedoms and Due Process Rights. (F)

POLI 443. Civil Liberties Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a study of major Supreme Court decisions interpreting the Bill of Rights (the First Ten Amendments) and the subsequent amendments dealing with freedom and equality. Rulings of the Warren and Burger Courts will be given special attention. Prerequisite: Juniors and seniors only. (S)

POLI 444. International Relations Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a comprehensive treatment of the context and content of the structure, policies and politics of nations. Concepts pertaining to the nature of the field will also be investigated, including: imperialism, colonialism, balance of power, international morality, treaties, sovereignty, diplomacy, tariff, war and other arrangements. The limits of international relations in the emerging era of globalism will also be explored. Prerequisite: POLI 200. (F;S)

POLI 445. African Governments and Politics Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides an introduction to the government and politics of modern African States with an emphasis on internal and external factors that shape contemporary society. A major theme of this course is that Africa is a continent in social, economic and political transformation, whose horizons extend beyond the oftentimes limiting perception of an intellectually antiquated academia and popular culture. Africa is more than a problem. This course will therefore seek to examine Africa by acquainting students with major concepts and theoretical frameworks, the historical legacies of colonialism, the state and civil society. (F)

POLI 446. Politics of the Americas Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed to provide an overview of the development and operation of political systems comprising South and Central America, the Spanish-speaking Caribbean, and Mexico. Important economic and social factors affecting the nature of politics in this region will also be emphasized, including: the debt crisis, the nature of politically motivated violence, the politics of race and racial identity, and the foreign relations of these nations. (S)

POLI 447. African American Political Theory Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines the formation and development of political theory in the African American community from its classical period to the Post-Civil Rights Era. The course presents distinct periods in the development of African American political thought, examines major themes and debates of each period, and explores the contributions of important theorists. (S)

POLI 490. Independent Study (formerly POLI 504) Credit 3(3-0)
Senior political science majors who have exhibited facility for independent study and attained a minimum grade point average of 3.0 in their major may arrange to investigate an area not covered in the regular curriculum. Permission of the supervising instructor and the department chairperson is required. (DEMAND)

POLI/CRJS 492. Honors Seminar in Political Science & Criminal Justice – Capstone (formerly POLI/CRJS 505) Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes an examination of selected political science and criminal justice topics and experiences. Students participating in co-op and study abroad experiences may enroll in this course. Seniors only. (S;F)

POLI 498. Internship (formerly POLI 499) Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes supervised internship in public and private agencies for political science majors. Prerequisites: POLI 200 and 210 or permission of  department chairperson. (DEMAND)

Advanced Undergraduate and Graduate

POLI 604. Directed Study/Research Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes directed study or research on a specific topic in political science. (DEMAND)

POLI 642. Modern Political Theory Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines selected treatments of the state as a controversial concept. The course focuses on the works of Machiavelli, Hobbes, Spinoza, Rousseau, Burke, Mill, Hegel, Marx, Dewey, Rawls and Reed. (DEMAND)

POLI 643. Urban Politics and Government Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a detailed analysis of the urban political arena including political machinery, economic forces and political structures of local governmental units. (DEMAND)

POLI 644. International Law Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a study of the major principles and practices in the development of the Law of Nations, utilizing significant cases for purposes of clarification. Prerequisites: POLI 200 and 444. (DEMAND)

POLI 645. American Foreign Policy-1945 to Present Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes an examination of forces and policies that have emerged from Potsdam, Yalta, and World War II. Emphasis will be on understanding the policies that were formulated, why they were formulated, the consequences of their formulation, and the alternative policies that may have come about. Prerequisites: Survey course in American History, American Diplomatic History, and consent of instructor. (DEMAND)

POLI 646. The Politics of Developing Nations Credit 3(3-0)
Political structures and administrative practices of selected countries in Africa, Latin America, and Asia, analysis of particular cultural, social and economic variables peculiar to the nations will be studied. (DEMAND)

POLI 653. Urban Problems Credit 3(3-0)
This course presents an analysis of major problems in contemporary urban America. The course also includes an examination of their causes, effects and possible solutions. (DEMAND)

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE

CRJS 100. Introduction to Criminal Justice (formerly CRJS 200) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed to provide freshmen and sophomore students with knowledge of terminology, classification systems, trends, and theories of criminal justice. It will emphasize a critical analysis of course content. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 101. Writing for the Social Sciences Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed to introduce Criminal Justice majors to oral and written communication and critical thinking in the social sciences. The course focuses on building error-free sentences, concept formulation and proper citation, e.g., APA and MLA. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 210. Policing: Administration and Process (formerly CRJS 310) Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines two interrelated aspects of policing, police administration and the law enforcement process. A study of the organizational theory and operations of police agencies will lay the foundation for the examination police strategy and tactics. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 220. Courts and the Judicial Process (formerly CRJS 320) Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines the criminal process within American courts from arrest/arrest warrant application to final appeal. Topics include magistrates, trial and appellate courts, plea bargains, evidence, burdens of proof, jury selection and instructions, jurisdiction, habeas corpus and accountability. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 230. Corrections (formerly CRJS 330) Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides an overview of correctional philosophies, practices, and procedures. It examines institutional frameworks and innovations, accountability measures and legislative initiative. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 240. / SOCI 406. Criminology (formerly CRJS 406) Credit 3(3-0)
The genesis and origin of crime and an analysis of theories of criminal behavior will be studied. (DEMAND)

CRJS 251 / POLI 251. Introduction to Statistics (formerly CRJS 290 / POLI 290) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an introduction to elementary statistical reasoning, descriptive statistics, frequency distribution, graphics, measures of central tendency and dispersion. Correlation and regression techniques are also taught. Focus is on political science and criminal justice research. Taken concurrently with CRJS 252 / POLI 252. Prerequisite: CRJS 100 or POLI 100. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 252 / POLI 252. Introduction to Statistics Lab (formerly CRJS 291 / POLI 291) Credit 1(0-2)
The laboratory provides first hand experiences in practical use of statistical methods. Computer software (e.g., SPSS) will be used to analyze, interpret and graph data. Taken concurrently with CRJS 251 / POLI 251. Prerequisite: CRJS 100 or POLI 110. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 260. Courtroom Testimony Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines the legal requirement of cross examination for crime scene investigators. It will examine the critical role of technical language in oral testimony. The objective of this course is to improve oral communication in courtroom settings. Prerequisite: CRJS 200. (F)

CRJS 270. Interviews and Interrogations Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers the basic and specific techniques employed in criminal justice interviews and interrogations. Emphasis is placed on the interview and interrogation process, including interpretation of verbal and physical behavior and legal perspectives. Upon completion students should be able to understand and conduct interviews and interrogations in a legal, efficient and professional manner. Prerequisite: CRJS 200. (S)

CRJS 280. Investigative Photography Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers the operation of various photographic equipment and its application to criminal justice. Topics include cameras, analog and digital videography, proper light exposure, developing film and prints and preparing photographic evidence. Upon completion students should be able to demonstrate and explain the role of photography and proper film exposure and development techniques in crime scene investigation. Prerequisite: CRJS 200. (F;S)

CRJS 311. / PSYC 434. Abnormal Psychology (formerly CRJS 434) Credit 3(3-0)
Behavior deviations and psychological disorders occurring during the several developmental stages; basic concepts employed in psychopathology, mental hygiene, and psychiatry. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 312. Criminal Law (formerly CRJS 450) Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers the history/evolution/principles and contemporary applications of criminal law. Topics include substantive law, classification of crimes, parties to crime, elements of crimes, matters of criminal responsibility and critical theory of crime. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 313. Criminal Procedure (formerly CRJS 470) Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines the provisions of the United States Constitution that protect the due process rights of citizens accused of criminal acts, the rules of procedure that govern the criminal justice process from arrest through trial and sentencing, and the methods of imposing liability on criminal justice professionals for violations of constitutional and other legal rights granted citizens. Prerequisite: CRJS 200. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 314. / SOWK 503. Juvenile Delinquency (formerly CRJS 503) Credit 3(3-0)
This course is the study of sociological and psychological explanations relative to the causes and rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents, probation and treatment of juveniles within the criminal justice system. (F)

CRJS 315. Victimology (formerly CRJS 510) Credit 3(3-0)
This course exposes students to the role of victims in crimes, their treatment by the criminal justice system, victim assistance, and victim compensation. Sexual battery and domestic violence are also covered in the course. Prerequisite: CRJS 200. (S)

CRJS 316. Alternatives to Incarceration (formerly CRJS 515) Credit 3(3-0)
This course explores alternatives to imprisonment and intermediate sanctions, including probation, parole, diversion and other community based corrections. Students will also be introduced to theories of rehabilitation, treatment, and corrections. (S)

CRJS 317. Race, Class and Gender in the Criminal Justice System (formerly CRJS 520) Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides a survey of minority relations and criminal justice adjudication in America. The course focuses on minority/majority relations and how these sentiments impact on the criminal justice process. Prerequisite: CRJS 200. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 318. Drugs and Crime (formerly CRJS 525) Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides an in-depth review of the politics and political economy of drug control and regulation in historical and contemporary terms. The course also covers the construction of drug-crime, law enforcement logics and practices in the coupling of drugs and crime. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 319. White Collar Crime (formerly CRJS 537) Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines criminal activities in management and executive operations of government and private sector agencies and corporations. Topics include substantive law, investigation techniques and social and economic impacts. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 321. Terrorism and War Crimes (formerly CRJS 545) Credit 3(3-0)
This course will examine the historical development of the substantive concepts of anti-terrorist law. Topics will include the study of domestic and international agencies which exert jurisdiction over defendants accused of terrorism. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 322. Survey in Forensics (formerly CRJS 546) Credit 3(3-0)
This course will introduce students to the various fields of forensics. Emphasis will be on the legal application and evidentiary value of documents and objects subjected to scientific scrutiny. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 331. Research Methods in Criminal Justice (formerly CRJS 331) Credit 3(3-0)
This course introduces students to research methods and their application to criminal justice issues. Emphasis is placed on understanding social science research theory, research proposals and the analysis of data from the Uniform Crime Report, the National Crime Victimization Survey and various crime databases. Prerequisite: Junior standing or permission of instructor. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 333. Investigative Process I (formerly CRJS 410) Credit (3-0)
This course introduces the theories and fundamentals of the investigative process. Topics include crime scene and incident processing, information gathering techniques, collection and presentation of evidence, preparation of appropriate reports, court presentations and other related topics. Upon completion students should be able to identify, explain and demonstrate the techniques of the investigative process, report preparation and courtroom presentation. (F)

CRJS 334. Investigative Process II (formerly CRJS 420) Credit 3(3-0)
This course closely examines the theories and fundamentals of the investigative process through case studies. This course also covers professional standards and ethics. Upon completion students should be able to identify, explain and demonstrate the application of investigative principles and professional standards and ethics. Prerequisite CRJS 410. (S)

CRJS 332. Applied Methods (formerly CRJS 440) Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers applied qualitative and quantitative research methods, hypothesis testing, statistical presentation and description (including mapping and graphing) using a variety of statistical tests and software packages: t-test, F-test, Chi-square, regression, Excel, SPSS and GIS. (F;S;SS)

CRJS 370. Forensics Laboratory (formerly CRJS 530) Credit 3(3-1)
This course covers the functions of the forensic laboratory and its relationship to criminal investigations and prosecutions. Topics include advanced crime scene processing, investigative techniques, forensic technologies, laboratory administration and safety regulations and procedures. Prerequisites: BIOL 100, CHEM 100, CRJS 410, CRJS 420. (F;S)

CRJS 371. Pathology of Death Investigation (formerly CRJS 531) Credit 3(3-0)
This course will examine contemporary practices for investigating sudden, unexpected and violent death. Two major topics will be explored: the first focusing on the manner of death (the social circumstances under which the death occurs), the second focusing on the cause of death (the particular material actions which result in death – legal and factual). Prerequisite: CRJS 530. (F,S)

CRJS 442. / POLI 442. American Constitutional Law Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a case study of major United States Supreme Court decisions, the judiciary, the United States Congress, the President, federalism, the First Amendment Freedoms and Due Process Rights. Prerequisite: CRJS 100. (F)

CRJS 443. / POLI 443. Civil Liberties Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a study of major United States Supreme Court decisions, interpreting the Bill of Rights (the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution) and the subsequent amendments dealing with equal protection under the law and due process rights. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. (S)

CRJS 485. Special Topics in Criminal Justice (formerly CRJS 506) Credit 3(3-0)
This course will explore and examine special topics related to the field of criminal justice. This class offers an opportunity for faculty and students to explore contemporary topics in depth that are generally not covered in the criminal justice curriculum. A single topic is covered each semester. Permission of the instructor is required. Juniors and seniors only. (DEMAND)

CRJS 490. Independent Study (formerly CRJS 504Credit 3(3-0)
Senior criminal justice majors who have exhibited facility for independent study and attained a minimum grade point average of 3.0 in their major may request to investigate an area not covered in the regular curriculum. Permission of the supervising instructor and the department chairperson is required. Seniors only. (F;S;SS)

CRJS / POLI 492. Honors Seminar in Political Science & Criminal Justice – Capstone (formerly CRJS / POLI 505) Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes an examination of selected political science and criminal justice topics and experiences.  Students participating in co-op and study abroad experiences may also enroll in this course. Seniors only. (S)

CRJS 498. Internship (formerly CRJS 500) Credit 3(1-3)
This course provides an opportunity for practical experience in various criminal justice agencies. Interns are required to participate in a one-hour weekly seminar. Prerequisites: Senior standing and permission of internship coordinator. (F;S;SS)

Advanced Undergraduate and Graduate

CRJS 670./SOWK 670. Law and Society Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines selected and representative forms of social justice and injustices; and barriers to opportunities for legal redress, as related to contemporary issues. Prerequisite: Senior or graduate standing  (F;S;SS)

DIRECTORY OF FACULTY

Ayanna R. Armstrong
Assistant Professor
B.A., Spelman Collage; M.B.A, Ph.D., Clark Atlanta University

Shon F. Barnes
Adjunct Instructor
B.A., Elizabeth City State University; M.S., University of Cincinnati

Luisa E. Bowman
Adjunct Instructor
B.S., Lee University; M.A., M.S., University of Tennessee at Knoxville; Ph.D., Clark Atlanta University

Brenton Boyce
Adjunct Instructor
B.A., North Carolina A&T State University, J.D., North Carolina Central University School of Law

Keith L. Coleman
Adjunct Instructor
B.A., University of South Florida; M.A., University of Massachusetts at Lowell

Ernest L. Cuthbertson
Adjunct Instructor
B.A., North Carolina A&T State University; M.A., Methodist University

Maria Hicks-Few
Adjunct Instructor
B.A., North Carolina A&T State University; M.P.A., University of North Carolina Greensboro

James Howerton
Adjunct Instructor
B.A., North Carolina A&T State University; M.P.A., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Barbara Anne Johnson
Adjunct Instructor
B.S., Guilford College; M.A., University of North Carolina at Greensboro

Maruice Mangum
Professor and Chairperson
B.S., University of Iowa; M.A., The Ohio State University; Ph.D., Louisiana State University

James P. Mayes
Associate Professor and Director of Criminal Justice Program
B.A., Princeton; M.A., The Ohio State University; J.D., University of Baltimore, School of Law

Radscheda R. Nobles
Adjunct Instructor
B.A., Shaw University; M.S., Fayetteville State University

Raven Sapp
Adjunct Instructor
B.S., Park University-Kuke AFB; M.S., Methodist University

Derick Smith
Adjunct Instructor
B.A., M.A., Fayetteville State University

James D. Steele
Associate Professor
BA., Morgan State University; M.A., Ph.D., Atlanta University