Courses

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UNDERGRADUATE COURSE DESCRIPTIONS IN PHYSICS

PHYS 100. Physics Orientation Credit 1(1-0)
The course introduces students to the subject area of physics, the various branches of physics. The applications of physics in science, engineering technology as well as current advances in physics will be discussed. The role of physics in interdisciplinary programs and research is discussed. Other topics may include African Americans and women in physics, physics and society, physics and religion, physics and politics, history of physics and physics and the national economy. (F)

PHYS 101. Introduction to Astronomy Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a broad survey of astronomy that examines the night sky, the seasons, the phases of the moon, eclipses, gravity, light, telescopes, the solar system, stars and galaxies. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 104. Introduction to Cosmology Credit 3(3-0)
This course will examine the universe: its size, shape and expansion; its origin, age and future; black holes and the mysterious dark matter and dark energy. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 105. Physics for Nonscientists Credit 3(3-0)
This course is intended for non-science students. It is a qualitative introduction to topics at the forefront of modern physics, with an emphasis on conceptual understanding. Mathematics use is reduced to a minimum. The course stresses the major role physics plays in our everyday life and aims at helping students evaluate the importance of the new scientific developments and their technological and socio-economical implications. It covers a wide variety of topics such as the building blocks of matter, the evolution of our universe, superconductivity and superfluidity, MRI and medical imaging techniques, the physics of lasers, the physics of semiconductors and transistors, nanoscience and nanotechnology, modern and future energy sources and their effects on the environment. (F;S)

PHYS 110. Survey of Physics Credit 2(2-0)
This is a one-semester study of selected topics in physics from each of the following: Newtonian mechanics, heat, sound, electricity and magnetism, light, atomic, and nuclear physics, and relativity. Prerequisites: MATH 102, 110 or 111. Corequisite: PHYS 111. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 111. Survey of Physics Lab Credit 1(0-2)
This is a laboratory course to be taken concurrently with PHYS 110, Survey of Physics. Students will perform experiments designed to verify and/or clarify physics concepts. Corequisite: PHYS 110. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 211. Technical Physics I Credit 3(4-0)
This is a study of the basic principles of mechanics, thermodynamics, wave motion, sound, electricity, magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Emphasis is placed on applications of physics in modern technology. Prerequisite: MATH 111. Corequisites: MATH 112 and PHYS 216. (DEMAND)

PHYS 212. Technical Physics II Credit 3(4-0)
This is a continuation of PHYS 211. Prerequisite: PHYS 211. Corequisite: PHYS 217. (DEMAND)

PHYS 214. Astronomy I Credit 3(3-0)
This course studies the Solar System. The following topics will be explored: the motions of the Earth, the sun, the moon, and the planets; the nature of light; ground and space-based telescopes; comparative planetology; the Earth-moon system; terrestrial and gas planets and their moons; dwarf planets, asteroids, and comets; planetary system formation. Corequisite: PHYS 224. (F;S)

PHYS 215. Astronomy II Credit 3(3-0)
This course studies Stars, Galaxies, and Cosmology. The following topics will be explored: stellar observables; star birth, evolution, and death; novae and supernovae; white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes; normal galaxies, active galaxies, and quasars; dark matter and dark energy; cosmology; and the early universe Prerequisites: PHYS 214 and PHYS 224. (F;S)

PHYS 216. Technical Physics I Laboratory Credit 1(0-2)
This is a qualitative and quantitative study of certain physical systems; critical observations and codification of data are emphasized. Corequisite: PHYS 211. (DEMAND)

PHYS 217. Technical Physics II Laboratory Credit 1(0-2)
This is a continuation of PHYS 216. Corequisite: PHYS 212. (DEMAND)

PHYS 224. Astronomy I Laboratory Credit 1(0-2)
In this laboratory, students will learn how to use robotic telescopes. Students will learn how to analyze data from their observations of planets, moons, asteroids, binary and variable stars, supernovae, star-forming regions, star clusters, and galaxies. Corequisite: PHYS 214. (F;S)

PHYS 225. College Physics I Credit 3(3-0)
This is an algebra-based course. No calculus is used. The course is a study of fundamental principles of Newtonian mechanics, heat, and thermodynamics. Corequisite: PHYS 235; Prerequisite:   MATH 110 or 111 OR MATH 103 AND 104. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 226. College Physics II Credit 3(3-0)
This is an algebra-based continuation of PHYS 225. No calculus is used. The course covers the fundamental principles of electricity, magnetism, wave motion, and optics. Corequisite: PHYS 236. Prerequisite: PHYS 225. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 235. College Physics I Laboratory Credit 1(0-2)
This is a course that will emphasize the importance of experimentation and observations in the development of a physical science. A selected group of experiments will be undertaken.  Corequisite: PHYS 225

PHYS 236. College Physics II Laboratory Credit 1(0-2)
This is a continuation of PHYS 235. Corequisite: PHYS 226. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 241. General Physics I Credit 3(4-0)
This is a calculus-based physics course that covers the fundamental principles of Newtonian mechanics, heat, and thermodynamics. Corequisites: MATH 132, PHYS 251. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 242. General Physics II Credit 3(4-0)
This is a continuation of PHYS 241. It is a calculus-based study of physics, which covers the fundamental principles of electricity, magnetism, wave motion, and optics. Corequisite: PHYS 252. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 251. General Physics I Lab Credit 1(0-2)
This is a laboratory course where a selected group of physics experiments will be performed. Emphasis is placed on the development of experimental technique, analysis of data, and physical interpretation of experimental results. Corequisite: PHYS 241. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 252. General Physics II Lab Credit 1(0-2)
This course is a continuation of PHYS 251. Corequisite: PHYS 242. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 280. Introduction to Space Science Credit 3(3-0)
This course explores major components of space science which  include the science that studies properties of outer space (the region beyond the Earth's atmosphere), and/or that requires a space-based operation. Space science areas include both remote sensing studies of Earth and more distant objects including the near-Earth space environment. Prerequisite: PHYS 101. (F;S)

PHYS 290. Introduction to Geophysics Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides an introduction to the use of physical measurements to determine the structure and composition of the solid Earth. Topics include plate tectonics, the gravity and magnetic fields, elasticity and seismic properties of the Earth, seismic waves, earthquakeseismology, isostasy, and elementary concepts in geodynamics. The course summarizes current knowledge of the interior of the Earth as determined by modern geophysical techniques. Prerequisite: PHYS 242. (F;S)

PHYS 305. Mathematical Physics (Formally PHYS 405)   Credit 3(3-0)
This is a course in the applications of mathematics to solutions of physical problems. It covers selected topics in vector analysis, differential equations, special functions, calculus of variations, eigenvalues and eigenfunctions, and matrices. Prerequisite: MATH 231. (F;S)

PHYS 306. Introduction to Modern Physics  (Formally PHYS 406)   Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a study of the basics of special relativity, quantum, atomic, molecular, statistical, solid state, nuclear, and particle physics. Prerequisites: PHYS 242 or 226 and MATH 132. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 375. Intermediate Physics Laboratory (Formally PHYS 407)   Credit 2(1-2)
This is an intermediate level laboratory course that emphasizes performing selected experiments in electromagnetism, optics, atomic, nuclear and condensed matter physics. The purpose of this course is to introduce students to proper laboratory skills in data collection, analysis and reporting as well as giving them hands-on knowledge of experiments and ideas which revolutionized the field of physics. Pre- or Co-requisite PHYS 306. (F;S)

PHYS 345. Introduction to Computations in Physics  (Formally PHYS 445)   Credit 3(3-0)
This course will introduce and use computational techniques to analyze and solve physical problems. Techniques to be used include visual programming language, graphing package, spread sheet, symbolic packages, and other applications. Prerequisites: PHYS 241, PHYS 242 and a course in programming. (F;S)

PHYS 400. Physical Mechanics I Credit 3(3-0)
This is a course in Newtonian mechanics and includes particle dynamics, conservation laws, vibrational motion, central field motion, rigid body dynamics, Hamilton’s principle and Lagrange’s equations. Prerequisites: PHYS 242 and PHYS 305. (F)

PHYS 401. Physical Mechanics II Credit 3(3-0)
This is an intermediate course on classical mechanics. Topics include: Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism, and special relativistic descriptions of the dynamics of particles and rigid bodies. Applications in engineering will be considered. Prerequisite: PHYS 400. (S)

PHYS 411. Atmospheric Physics I Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers the applications of physical laws and principles including acoustics, electricity, wave propagation, optics and radiation to the atmosphere. Prerequisites: Math 231, Phys 242 or consent of instructor (F;S)

PHYS 412. Atmospheric Physics II Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of Atmospheric Physics I and will include topics from basic principles of cloud and precipitation physics, including the study of condensation processes, freezing nucleation, ice crystal growth and weather modification. Prerequisites: PHYS 411 (F;S)

PHYS 415. Electromagnetism I Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an intermediate course in Maxwell’s theory of electromagnetism. The course treats electrostatic fields in vacuum, Gauss’s law, special techniques for calculating electric potentials, electrostatic fields in matter, electric polarization, linear dielectrics, magnetostatic fields and potentials in vacuum and matter, Lorentz transformation, Ampere’s law, magnetization, paramagnetic, diamagnetic and ferromagnetic media, Faraday's laws and induction, Maxwell's equation, energy conservation and Poynting's theorem. Prerequisites: PHYS 242 and PHYS 305. (F)

PHYS 416. Electromagnetism II Credit 3(3-0)
This course is the continuation of PHYS 415. It is an intermediate course in Maxwell’s theory of electromagnetism. Electromagnetic phenomena are presented. This includes electromagnetic wave propagation, reflection and refraction, absorption and dispersion, dipole and point charge radiation. Relativistic electrodynamics is also presented. Applications to problems in engineering will be considered. Prerequisite: PHYS 415. (S)

PHYS 420. Quantum Physics I Credit 3(3-0)
This course presents mathematical introduction required for understanding of quantum mechanics. The solutions of the Schrodinger equation for free particle and a particle in one dimensional potentials (square, barrier, etc.), and the postulates of quantum mechanics are presented. The simple harmonic oscillator problem is solved. Other topics include angular momentum, spin, the two-particle problem and the hydrogen atom. Prerequisite: PHYS 306. (F;S)

PHYS 422. Quantum Physics II Credit 3(3-0)
This is a continuation of PHYS 420. This course deals with selected applications of quantum mechanics to problems in atomic, molecular, nuclear, solid state physics and materials science. Topics include: approximation methods, perturbation theory, and scattering theory. Prerequisite: PHYS 420. (F;S)

PHYS 430. Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics Credit 3(3-0)
This course reviews the principles of thermodynamics, which include macroscopic variables, thermodynamic equilibrium, the thermodynamic laws, and kinematic theory. The fundamentals of statistical mechanics are covered which include microcanonical and canonical ensembles, partition functions, Bose and Fermi statistics, and the Boltzmann equation. Prerequisite: PHYS 400. (F;S)

PHYS 440. Applied Geophysics Credit 3(3-0)
This course offers an overview of the field procedures employed to collect different types of geophysical data, and provides an introduction to the techniques employed to analyze and interpret geophysical data collected for applied and engineering purposes. It covers the major geophysical methods employed in resource exploration, environmental assessment, and geotechnical investigations and includes theory and technical background for seismic refraction and reflection methods, electrical resistivity and electromagnetic methods, ground penetrating radar method, gravity method, and magnetic method. Case studies, and field and computer exercises are also included. Students will be given hands-on exercises with geophysical survey equipment. Prerequisite: PHYS 290. (F;S)

PHYS 441. Geophysical Data Analysis Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers the fundamental principles and methods that are commonly used to analyze geophysical data. It includes the following topics: transforms, one-sided functions, spectral factorization, resolution, matrices and multi-channel time series, data modeling by least squares, waveform applications of least squares, layers revealed by scattered wave filtering, and mathematical physics in stratified media. Prerequisite PHYS 440. (F;S)

PHYS 442. Structural Geology Credit 3(3-0)
This course studies the processes of deformation and the geometry of deformed rocks by examining rock deformation through the analysis of structures at both the microscopic and outcrop scales. It will cover the following topics: the description of geological structures; the kinematics and dynamics of folding and faulting; stress, strain, and rheology; introduction to dislocation theory; micro-structural analysis and principles of plate tectonics. Prerequisite PHYS 290. (F;S)

PHYS 447. Computational Techniques in Physics  (Formally PHYS 530)  Credit 3(2-3)
This course is an application of numerical methods to solve problems in physics. It includes root finding, systems of equations, integration, differentiation, boundary-value problems, and Monte Carlo methods. Prerequisite: PHYS 405. (DEMAND)

PHYS 450. Waves and Optics Credit 3(3-0)
This course explores wave phenomena. It covers the propagation, reflection, and refraction of light and includes studies of lenses and optical instruments, interference, diffraction, polarization, line spectra, and thermal radiation. Prerequisite: PHYS 242. (F;S)

PHYS 451. Introduction to Astrophysics Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a study of radiation from stars and nebulae to determine the basic stellar characteristics, the composition and physical conditions of matter in and between the stars. It also investigates the structural properties of our Milky Way galaxy, as evidenced by the spatial distribution of dust, gas, stars, and magnetic fields. Prerequisite: PHYS 242. (DEMAND)

PHYS 453. Introduction to High Energy Astrophysics (Formally PHYS 580)    Credit 3(3-0)
The course will introduce the fundamentals of the subject, with a focus on compact objects such as black holes and neutron stars, and will also survey recent exciting developments in this field. Topics include general relativity, accreting neutron stars and black holes, and gamma-ray bursts. Prerequisite: PHYS 242. (DEMAND)

PHYS 457. Electromagnetism III Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an extended study of electromagnetism which covers simple radiating systems, multi-pole radiation, and radiation by moving charges, and relativistic kinematics. Prerequisite: PHYS 416. (DEMAND)

PHYS 465. Physics of Atoms, Molecules and Nanosystems Credit 3(3-0)
This is a study of one and many electron atoms, molecular structure, and molecular spectra, of diatomic and polyatomic molecules with introductory applications to nanoscience. The course also covers other topics that include: Limits of smallness, quantum nature of the nanoworld, self-assembled nanostructures in nature and industry. Prerequisite: PHYS 306. (S)

PHYS 467. Solid State Physics Credit 3(3-0)
This is a study of the basics of the topics of binding, crystal structure, the reciprocal lattice, phonons, free and nearly free electron gas models, energy bands, metals semiconductors, insulators, super-conductors, and magnetic properties. Prerequisite: PHYS 306. (F)

PHYS 468. Nuclear Physics and Elementary Particles Credit 3(3-0)
This is a study of the properties of the nucleus, radioactivity, nuclear reactions, fission and fusion, elementary particles, and particle accelerators. Prerequisite: PHYS 306. (F)

PHYS 470. Experimental Physics (Formally PHYS 531)  Credit 3(2-3)
This course surveys experimental methods in physics. It involves experiment development, including techniques in instrumentation design and data acquisition. Also, it involves oral and written presentations of experimental results. Prerequisite: PHYS 242. (DEMAND)

PHYS 475. Advanced Laboratory (Formally PHYS 520)   Credit 2(1-3)
This is a laboratory course designed to give students advanced laboratory training needed to perform research. Selected experiments from classical mechanics, electromagnetism, optics, atomic, nuclear and condensed matter physics would be performed. This course may be repeated to earn a maximum of four credits. Prerequisite: PHYS 375. (F;S)

PHYS 480. Introduction to Solar Physics Credit 3(3-0)
This course examines the Sun as a star its radius, mass, and luminosity as well as measuring of these parameters. It also explores other characteristics of the Sun such as variability of rotation, magnetism, chemical structure, and planetary system. The course will also address the structure of solar bowels and atmosphere. Contemporary research on the Sun will also be discussed. Prerequisite PHYS 306. (F;S)

PHYS 485. Special Topics in Physics (Formally PHYS 500)   Variable Credit (1-3)
This is a junior-senior level course on selected topics in physics not covered in other courses. A descriptive title, syllabus and the amount of credit must have received departmental approval before scheduling. Students’ records will carry both course number and descriptive title. The course may be repeated to earn a maximum of six credits. (DEMAND)

PHYS 490. Space Radiation Credit 3(3-0)
This is a course in space radiation environment, space exploration and radiation protection requirements. The course covers cosmic rays and radiation environment, biological effect induced by space radiation, effects of space radiation on the spacecraft on-board electronics and equipment, space radiation measurement, monitoring and dosimetry, radiation protection for space exploration and shield design. Prerequisite: PHYS 242, MATH 231 (F;S)

PHYS 494. Undergraduate Research  (Formally PHYS 550)  Variable Credit 1-3 This course involves student participation in research conducted by faculty. Topics may be analytical and/or experimental and encourage independent study. The amount of credit will be determined before the beginning of the course. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. (F;S;SS)

PHYS 492. Physics Seminar Variable Credit (1-3)
Formally PHYS 510  This is a study of current developments in physics. The topics and the amount of credit will be determined before the beginning of the course. Prerequisite: Senior standing. (DEMAND)

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS IN ATMOPSPHERIC SCIENCES AND METEOROLOGY

ASME 151. Earth System Science: Exploring the Connections Credit 3(3-0)
Formally ASME 200  This course investigates the interactions among the atmosphere, ocean, ice, solid-Earth and biological systems. It introduces students to scientific inquiry and the scientific method through a comprehensive study of the principles of the earth system using a case study approach and the influence of human activity on the earth system. (F;S)

ASME 211. Computer Applications in Meteorology Credit 3(2-2)
This course is an introductory lecture and lab to familiarize students with computational, meteorological, and graphic software packages including, but not limited to FORTRAN and UNIX/LINUX, and MATLAB (F;S)

ASME 231. Atmospheric Thermodynamics Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers the general aspects of thermodynamic physical processes occurring within the atmosphere. Topics included are atmospheric statics and stability, saturation point analysis, aerosols, nucleation, the structure and content of clouds, the development of physical characteristics of precipitation, and the dynamics of rain systems. Prerequisite: PHYS 241. (F;S)

ASME 251. Fundamentals of Meteorology and Climatology Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers the general character of the atmosphere and its weather and climate systems, phenomena, and distributions of variables (winds, temperature, pressure, moisture). Topics included are the formal framework of the science; the application of basic classical physics, chemistry, mathematics, and computational sciences to the atmosphere and climate systems. Prerequisites: CHEM 107 or consent of instructor. Corequisite: ASME 252. (F;S)

ASME 252. Meteorological Analysis Laboratory Credit 1(0-2)
This course provides laboratory exercises to supplement ASME 251. Lab experiences include weather observations, weather map analysis, use of the internet, forecasting practice and climate modeling. Prerequisites: CHEM 107 or consent of instructor. Corequisite: ASME 251. (F;S)

ASME 275. Weather Systems Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an introduction to the basic characteristics, of  thermodynamics, and dynamics of atmospheric weather systems on Earth and other planets. The students are exposed to observations of weather systems while reviewing non-dimensional analysis, dynamics and thermodynamics. Weather systems on earth are compared to those of other planets, and analytical tools are used to gain insights into their basic physics (F;S)

ASME 285. Broadcast Meteorology Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides an introduction to the principles of broadcast meteorology. Students will develop the skills necessary to communicate scientific information with emphasis on weather forecasts. The campus radio station will be used by the students to present weather forecasts. Prerequisite: ASME 251. (F;S)

ASME 422. Weather Analysis and Forecasting Credit 4 (3-3)
This course covers the analysis and forecasting of synoptic weather systems with an emphasis on the basic tools of and its application for weather analysis, including the theories of  synoptic weather; the application of thermodynamic and dynamic concepts and models to synoptic weather analysis and the use of numerical models for synoptic weather forecasting. Prerequisites: ASME 211, ASME 251, MATH 231 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

ASME 423. Weather Analysis and Forecasting II Credit 4(3-3)
This course covers the mesoscale analysis and forecasting of mesoscale weather systems with an emphasis on the structure, evolution, and dynamics of atmospheric phenomena which will include  hurricanes, mountain waves, land/sea breeze, mesoscale convective complexes (MCCs), severe thunderstorms, tornadoes, squall lines. Students will use data for mesoscale weather analysis from a variety of observing platforms, mesoscale models (such as WRF), case studies, and multi-media instructional modules. Prerequisites: ASME 422 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

ASME 433. Atmospheric Dynamics I Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an introduction to fluid dynamics in the atmosphere. The basic laws of fluid mechanics are discussed as applied in the atmospheric context. Topics covered are geophysical wave motion, the notion of scale in fluid mechanics, and approximations for analyzing the structure of large-scale atmospheric flows. Prerequisites: ASME 211, MATH 431 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

ASME 434. Atmospheric Dynamics II Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides additional coverage of atmospheric fluid mechanics topics. Topics covered are quasi-geostrophic energetic fronts, mean circulation planetary and equatorial waves, an overview of the dynamics of the middleatmosphere, wave-mean flow interaction, spectral methods, and tropical meteorology. Prerequisite: ASME 433. (F;S)

ASME 440. Atmospheric Chemistry Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers an overview of chemical kinetics and equilibrium; sources and sinks of pollutants; Photochemistry and smog formation; air quality and human health issues; air pollution trends and acid rain. It provides a quantitative basis for understanding complex chemical interactions in the atmosphere. Prerequisite: CHEM 107 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

ASME 463. Atmospheric Remote Sensing (Formally ASME 563) Credit 3(3-0)
This course investigates interactions between electromagnetic radiation and matter using examples drawn from remote sensing techniques that are commonly used in atmospheric sciences. Prerequisites: PHYS 416, or consent of instructor. (F;S)

ASME 481. Atmospheric Fluid Dynamics Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers advanced atmospheric fluid dynamics concepts such as Coriolis accelerations, scale analysis, and appropriate approximations of the complete governing equations. Prerequisites: MATH, 431, PHYS 241 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

ASME 491. Chemical and Optical Instrumentation for Atmospheric Measurement Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers principles and performance of chemical and optical instrumentation techniques for ground and aircraft-based measurements. Prerequisites: PHYS 450 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

ASME 492. Seminar in Atmospheric Science and Meteorology  (Formally ASME 510)  Credit 1(1-0)
This is a study of current developments in atmospheric sciences and meteorology. The topics will be determined between a student, advisor, and instructor of the course. A student is required to take this course twice. Prerequisites: ASME 251, Senior or Junior standing. (F;S)

ASME 496. Senior Project  (Formally ASME 550)   Credit 6(0-12)
This course is an investigation of special topics on climate, atmospheric science, and meteorology arranged between a student and a faculty advisor. Prerequisites: Consent of instructor. (F;S)

GRADUATE COURSES IN PHYSICS WITH DESCRIPTIONS

PHYS 600. Classical Mechanics  Credit 3(3-0)
A theoretical treatment of   particle and rigid body dynamics. Topics include variational principles, Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics, the physics of rotation, oscillations, canonical transformations and Hamilton’s equations, and Hamilton-Jacobi   theory. Prerequisite: PHYS 401or Graduate standing.
PHYS 601 Special Topics in Geophysics  Credit 3(2-2)
This is a graduate and/or advanced undergraduate course on selected topics in applied and computational   geophysics. A descriptive title and syllabus must have departmental approval   prior to scheduling the course. Students' records will carry both course number and descriptive title. The course may be repeated to earn a maximum of six credit hours. Prerequisite: permission of instructor and senior or Graduate standing.
PHYS 602 Introduction to Geophysical Research  Credit 3 (1-4)
This course involves student participation in research training in geophysical sciences conducted by   faculty. It offers structured education and research training activities that guide experiences in geophysical topics, techniques and research projects involving geophysical surveys, physical modeling and numerical simulation.   The course may be repeated to earn a maximum of six credit hours. The course is conducted in a lecture-laboratory format with one hour of lecture and four hours of laboratory per week. Prerequisite: PHYS 601 or permission of  instructor.
PHYS 605. Mathematical Methods  Credit 3(3-0)
Covers topics in mathematical physics: vector calculus, complex variables, Fourier theory, special functions and boundary value problems, variational methods, and Green functions.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.
PHYS 615. Fundamentals of Electromagnetism  Credit 3 (3-0)
This course covers the essentials of classic electromagnetism: electrostatics, Laplace’s equations, multipole expansion, electric polarization and dielectrics, magnetostatics, magnetization, Faraday’s law of induction, and Maxwell’s equations.   Prerequisite: PHYS 416 or Graduate standing.
PHYS 620. Quantum Mechanics I  Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers the basic theory and postulates of quantum mechanics with applications to one-dimensional potential problems. The one electron atom, theory of angular momentum, perturbation theory, approximation methods, and the matrix formalism of quantum mechanics will be covered. Prerequisite: Senior or Graduate standing.
PHYS 630. Statistical Mechanics   Credit 3(3-0)
Fundamentals of classical and quantum statistical mechanics: statistical ensembles and distribution functions, non-interacting particles, ideal Fermi and Bose systems, treatment of interacting systems, phase transitions, approaches to collective phenomena. Prerequisite: PHYS 430 or Graduate standing.
PHYS 651. Advanced Astrophysics    Credit 3 (3-0)
This course is a study of radiation from stars and nebulae to determine the basic stellar characteristics and the composition and physical conditions of matter in and between the stars.  It also investigates the structural properties of our Milky Way galaxy, as evidenced by the spatial distribution. Prerequisite: Senior or Graduate standing.
PHYS 680. Advanced Solar Physics   Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an advanced study of solar physics.  It covers topics such as the Sun as a star, solar photosphere and outer convection zone, granulation and related phenomena, solar chromosphere and corona, sun’s radio emission, solar-terrestrial relations, and magnetic structure.  It also treats the theory of convection, wave motion in the presence of magnetism and gravity, coronal heating theories, steady and nonsteady flows, dynamo theory, and the theory of solar flares and other transient phenomena. Prerequisite: Senior or Graduate standing.
PHYS 695. Space and Atmospheric Science    Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a study of space and atmospheric science.  It includes space-based operation, remote   sensing studies of the Earth and distant objects, in-situ measurement of the space environment, composition of the Earth’s atmosphere, application of thermodynamics to atmospheric problems, and development of the fundamental equations of fluid motion.  Applications to synoptic scale atmospheric   circulations, boundary layer effects, global circulation, and physical meteorology are also treated. Prerequisite: Senior or Graduate standing.
PHYS 715. Advanced Electromagnetism   Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an advanced study of electromagnetic phenomena:  plane electromagnetic waves and wave propagation, wave guides and resonant cavities, radiating systems, radiation by moving charges, special theory of relativity, and applications of electromagnetic theory. Prerequisite: PHYS 615.
PHYS 720. Quantum Mechanics II  Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers applications of quantum mechanics to atomic, molecular, nuclear, solid state and semiconductor physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 620.
PHYS 730. Optical Properties of Matter  Credit 3(3-0)
Classical wave properties of light and quantum mechanical treatment of the interaction of light and   matter: interference, diffraction, absorption, scattering, and polarization  of light, interaction with atoms, atomic structure, optical absorption and emission, laser theory. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of the instructor.
PHYS 735. Physics of Atoms, Molecules and Nanosystems    Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a study of one- and many-electron atoms, and the molecular structure and spectra of diatomic and polyatomic molecules with introductory applications to nanoscience.  The course also covers other topics that include the quantum nature of the nanoworld and self-assembled nanostructures in nature and industry.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
PHYS 736. Spectroscopic Techniques    Credit 3 (3-0)
This course describes the methods and instrumentation of several spectroscopic techniques such as laser spectroscopy, optical resonance spectroscopy, supersonically cooled molecular spectroscopy, multiple-photon spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman scattering, Mössbauer spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, electron spin resonance spectroscopy, and mass spectroscopy. Prerequisites:   PHYS 465, 420 or Graduate standing.
PHYS 737. Physics of Solids   Credit 3 (3-0)
An advanced study of the physics of solids with applications to metals, semiconductors, and insulators. Topics include electronic structures, dynamics of electrons in solids, transport properties, optical properties, magnetic properties, and  superconductivity. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of the instructor.
PHYS 738. Nuclear Physics   Credit 3(3-0)
Descriptions of properties of the nuclear force and nuclear structure:  nucleon-nucleon scattering, nuclear scattering theory, phenomenological potential models, the shell model, collective motion, giant resonances, direct and compound reactions, few-body systems, heavy-ion physics. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of the instructor.
PHYS 739. High Energy Physics   Credit 3(3-0)
Theoretical and experimental concepts in high-energy physics. Topics include elementary particles; conservation laws; strong, weak, and electromagnetic interactions; particle accelerators; beams and detectors; strange particles; and quark models.   Prerequisite: PHYS 738 or Graduate standing.
PHYS 740. Graduate  Seminar   Variable Credit   (1-3)
A survey of current developments in physics.
PHYS 743. Experimental Methods   Credit 3 (2-3)
Theory and techniques of measurement in experimental physics:  experimental design, detector   development, signal processing techniques, data acquisition, error analysis, statistics and the treatment of experimental data. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of the instructor.
PHYS 744. Introduction to Computational Methods in the Physical & Biological Sciences  Credit 3(3-0)
This course will offer an introduction to computational methods used in physics, chemistry and biology.   It will survey the various methods used in those areas and give hands-on experience with some software.  This may include, but not be limited to:   quantum chemistry calculations, electronic structure, empirical force fields and molecular mechanics, energy minimization, Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations, structure of proteins, RNA/DNA sequence search and pattern recognition.
PHYS 745. Computational Physics   Credit 3 (2-3)
Computational approaches to advanced physical problems.  Includes ordinary differential equations, boundary value and eigenvalue problems, matrix operations, Monte Carlo methods, nonlinear equations, curve fitting, and approximation of functions.   Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor.
PHYS 750. Relativistic Quantum Mechanics I   Credit 3(3-0)
Along with PHYS 751 covers the Dirac equation and elementary mass renormalization, propagator theory, second quantization, the quantization of the electromagnetic field, Feynman graphs, calculations in quantum electrodynamics and quantum chromodynamics, gauge theories, models of   electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions. Prerequisite: PHYS 720 or Graduate standing.
PHYS 751. Relativistic Quantum Mechanics II   Credit 3(3-0)
A continuation of PHYS 750.   Prerequisite: PHYS 750.
PHYS 760. Special Topics   Variable Credit   (1-3)
Studies in physics under faculty guidance. Prerequisite: Graduate standing.
PHYS 770. Research  Variable Credit   (1-9)
This course is supervised research under the mentorship of a faculty mentor.  It is not necessarily intended to serve as the project or thesis topic of a master’s student.
PHYS 796.  Masters Project (Formerly PHYS 791)   Credit 3(3-0)
The student will conduct a research project under the supervision of an advisor.  The project could be experimental, theoretical, or a literature survey on a topic of interest to the student. This course is available to project option students.   Prerequisite: Consent of advisor and masters standing.
PHYS 797. Masters Thesis  (Formerly PHYS 792)  Variable Credit   (1-6)
The Master of Science thesis research will be conducted under the supervision of a thesis advisor to the completion of a masters thesis.  The course is available to thesis option students. Prerequisite: Consent of advisor and masters standing.

PROFESSIONAL TEACHERS PROGRAM

PHYS 705. Physics for Science Teachers I  Variable Credit(1-6)
For in-service teachers.   Course covers fundamentals of astronomy and earth science. Full descriptive   title, syllabus and the amount of credit will have received departmental   approval before scheduling. Prerequisite: MATH 111 or equivalent.
 
PHYS 706. Physics for Science Teachers II  Variable Credit(1-6)
For in-service teachers.   Lecture and integrated lab study of the fundamental principles of mechanics,   thermodynamics, wave motion, electricity and magnetism, optics and modern physics. Full descriptive title, syllabus and the amount of credit will have   received departmental approval before scheduling. Focus: Mechanics and Thermodynamics. Prerequisite: MATH 111 or equivalent.
 
PHYS 707. Physics for Science Teachers III   Variable Credit(1-6)
A continuation of PHYS 706.   Focus: Wave motion and electricity and magnetism.  Prerequisite: PHYS 706 or equivalent.
 
PHYS 708. Physics for Science Teachers IV  Variable Credit (1-6)
A continuation of PHYS 707.   Focus: Optics and modern physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 707 or equivalent.
 
PHYS 709. Physics for Science Teachers V  Variable Credit (1-6)
A continuation of PHYS 708.   Focus: Modern Physics.  Prerequisite: PHYS 708 or equivalent.

North Carolina A&T State University is committed to equality of educational opportunity and does not discriminate against applicants, students, or employees based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age or handicap. Moreover, North Carolina A&T State University is open to people of all races and actively seeks to promote racial integration by recruiting and enrolling a larger number of white students.