Foreign Language

FRENCH

FREN 101. Elementary French I* Credit 3(3-0)
This is a course for beginners which emphasizes the four language skills-listening, speaking, reading, and writing. (F;S)

FREN 102. Elementary French II* Credit 3(3-0)
This is a continuation of FOLA 100 with further emphasis placed on the oral-aural approach. Prerequisite: FREN 101 or equivalent. (F;S)

FREN 201. Intermediate French I* Credit 3(3-0)
This course consists of a brief review of pronunciation. Grammar is stressed with emphasis on cultural readings. Prerequisites: FREN 101 and 102, or two units of high school French. (F)

FREN 202. Intermediate French II* Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of FREN 201. Stress is placed on grammar, cultural reading and conversation. Prerequisite: FREN 201 or equivalent. (S)

FREN 301. French Composition Credit 3(3-0)
This intensive review focuses on refining, through written expression, the grammar structures learned in previous courses. The course will prepare students for formal, academic writing, while expanding their vocabulary and polishing their style. It is conducted in French. Prerequisite: FREN 202. (F;S)

FREN 302. French Grammar I Credit 3(3-0)
An intensive study of French grammar, this course pays particular attention to the more challenging structures of the French verb system, such as the perfect and the imperfect, the subjunctive, and the sequence of tenses in multiple-clause constructions. It is conducted in French. Prerequisite: FREN 201. (F;S)

FREN 303. French Grammar II Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of FREN 302. French Grammar I. Among  the topics examined are: the passive voice, impersonal constructions, relative clauses, adverbial clauses, and uses or por and para. It is conducted in French. Prerequisites: FREN 302 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

FREN 304. Phonetics Credit 3(3-0)
This is a course in French sounds and diction. It is required of all students majoring and minoring in French, and recommended for those who wish to improve pronunciation. Prerequisites:FREN 201 and 202. (F;S)

FREN 305. Intermediate French Conversation Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides practice in oral French, focusing principally on the real-life contexts of social, commercial and workplace settings. In addition, practice is provided in discussing topics of current interest, using national and international media as springboards for conversation. The course is conducted in French. It may be taken simultaneously with FREN 202. Prerequisites: FREN 201-202 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

FREN 306. Advanced French Conversation Credit 3(3-0)
This course offers students intensive training in self-expression and an opportunity to improve pronunciation, diction, reading and speaking. Prerequisite: FREN 305. (F;S)

FREN 400. Introduction to Literary Analysis Credit 3(3-0)
This course teaches the basic techniques of literary analysis, as well as the terminology and concepts used in understanding a variety of literary genres. Students will read both Caribbean and Afro-French texts. It is conducted in French. Prerequisites: FREN 202 and FREN 301. (F;S)

FREN 401. Afro-French Expression Credit 3(3-0)
The course is designed to provide the student with a general knowledge of Afro-French literature in its many manifestations throughout Francophone Africa and the Caribbean. Representative texts will be read within the context of the socio-historic and cultural influences that have shaped the black experience in Francophone Africa. The course is conducted in French. (F;S)

FREN 402. Survey of French Literature I - The Middle Ages through the Enlightenment Credit 3(3-0)
A study of representative works and literary movements in French literature from the Middle Ages through the Enlightenment. Students will learn to use the methods and language of literary analysis. Prerequisite: FREN 400. (F;S)

FREN 403. Survey of French Literature II - Romanticism through the New Novel Credit 3(3-0)
A study of representative works and literary movements in French literature of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Students will learn to use the methods and language of literary analysis. Prerequisite: FREN 400 and FREN 402 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

FREN 404. French Civilization Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a general survey of the history of France, with emphasis on the social, political and economic development designed to give students an understanding of present conditions and events. A detailed study of such French institutions as art, music, and education is included. This course is also offered in conjunction with reports of collateral readings. (F;S)

FREN 406. Special Topics Credit 3(3-0)
Selected topics in French. The topics will vary from semester to semester. Descriptions will be available from academic advisors. May be repeated for credit when topic changes. Prerequisite: FREN 400. (F;S)

FREN 428. Special Topics Credit 3(3-0)
Second Lan Teach and Learning. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor. (F;S)

FREN 452. Introduction to Business French Credit 3(3-0)
This course will enhance the student’s ability to communicate in a multilingual environment. It will equip students with the necessary tools to conduct international business transactions. The course is conducted in French. Prerequisites: FREN 201 and 202. (F;S)

FREN 453. Advanced French for Business Credit 3(3-0)
This course completes FREN 452, instructing students in more advanced vocabulary and grammar, as well as offering further practice employing French in a business context. The course is conducted in French. Prerequisite: FREN 452.

FREN 456.  French Studies Abroad Credit 3(3-0)
Primarily intended for transfer credit earned abroad in courses on French language, civilization, or culture. 1-16 credits per semester. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor. (F;S)

FREN 457. French Conversation and Phonetics Credit 3(3-0)
This course completes FREN 305, Intermediate French Conversation. Current techniques and their uses in attaining mastery in oral French. Prerequisites: FREN 305 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

FREN 458. Selected Tales, Legends and Proverbs on Francophone Africa Credit 3(3-0) This course on the Francophone tales of Africa will introduce the student to African culture and oral literary thoughts. Based on the analysis of these tales and proverbs, students will gain a better understanding of the African family structure and social organization. The course is conducted in French. Prerequisite: FREN 305. (F;S)

FREN 459. Selected Poetry and Prose from Francophone Writers of Central Africa Credit 3(3-0) The study of poetry and prose from francophone writers of Central Africa is an advanced francophone course. Its goal is to give the students a solid knowledge through analysis of poetry and prose of African lyricism, politics, and philosophical themes. The course is conducted in French. Prerequisites: FREN 305 and 306. (F;S)

FREN 460. French Literature of the Seventeenth Century Credit 3(3-0)
This course presents Classicism through masterpieces of Comeille, Racine, Moliere and other authors of the “Golden Period” in French letters. (F;S)

FREN 461. French Literature in the Eighteenth Century Credit 3(3-0)
This course presents the life and works of Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Rousseau as the main emphasis. (F;S)

FREN 462. French Literature of the Nineteenth Century Credit 3(3-0)
The great literary currents of the nineteenth century Romanticism and Realism will be studied. (F;S)

FREN 463. The French Theatre Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a thorough study of the French theatre from the Middle Ages to the present. (F;S)

FREN 464. The French Novel Credit 3(3-0)
The novel from the Seventeenth Century to the present will be studied. (F;S)

FREN 465. French Syntax Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed to teach grammar on the advanced level. (F;S)

FREN 466. Contemporary French Literature Credit 3(3-0)
This course deals with the chief writers and literary currents from 1900 to the present. (F;S)

FREN 485. Selected Afro-French Poets Credit 3(3-0)
This course is the study and analysis of the most representative works of Afro-French poets of South America, Africa and the Caribbean. Prerequisite: FREN 305, 306 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

FREN 490. Independent Study in Foreign Languages Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes independent study and research in a special area of the foreign language. Prerequisites: FREN 201 or 304. (F;S)

FREN 492. Seminar in Foreign Languages Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes discussion of readings and special topics in French. Presentations from students, faculty and guest lecturers will supplement the discussion. Prerequisites: FREN 202 or 304. (F;S)

*Students are required to purchase supplemental materials for this course.

SPANISH

SPAN 101. Elementary Spanish I* Credit 3(3-0)
This course for beginners focuses on the four language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students will be asked to take the Spanish Placement Test. The course is conducted primarily in Spanish. (F;S;SS)

SPAN 102. Elementary Spanish II* Credit 3(3-0)
This course is the continuation of SPAN 101. It continues practice in the four language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students will be asked to take the Spanish Placement Test. The course is conducted primarily in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 101 or consent of instructor. (F;S;SS)

SPAN 201. Intermediate Spanish I* Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a review of elementary Spanish and offers further study of vocabulary, grammar, and syntax. Emphasis is placed on improving the four basic skills of language acquisition. Intermediate-level readings in literature and culture, as well as a service-learning component, complement the study of language. Students will be asked to take the Spanish Placement Test. The course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 102 or consent of instructor. (F;S;SS)

SPAN 202. Intermediate Spanish II* Credit 3(3-0)
The sequel to SPAN 201, this course reviews and completes the basic study of Spanish grammar. Practice continues with the four skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Intermediate-level readings in literature and culture, as well as a service-learning component, complement the study of language. Students will be asked to take the Spanish Placement Test. The course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 201 or consent of instructor. (F;S;SS)

SPAN 203. Elemen Span Conver Composition* Credit 3(3-0)
This course begins the Spanish conversation sequence, instructing students in more advanced vocabulary and grammar. Students will develop their conversational skills at different levels (interpersonal, presentations) on a variety of literary and cultural topics. Students will be asked to take the Spanish Placement Test. The course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisites: SPAN 102 or consent of instructor.

SPAN 301. Spanish Composition Credit 3(3-0)
This intensive review focuses on refining, through written expression, the grammar structures learned in previous courses. The course will prepare students for formal, academic writing, while expanding their vocabulary and polishing their style. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 202. (F;S)

SPAN 302. Spanish Grammar I Credit 3(3-0)
An intensive study of Spanish grammar, this course pays particular attention to the more challenging structures of the Spanish verb system, such as the preterit and the imperfect, the subjunctive, and the sequence of tenses in multiple-clause constructions. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 201. (F;S)

SPAN 303. Spanish Grammar II Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of SPAN 302, Spanish Grammar I. Among the topics examined are: The passive voice, impersonal constructions, relative clauses, adverbial clauses, and uses of por and para. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 302 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

SPAN 304. Spanish Phonetics Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes a systematic analysis of speech sounds, and the operation of phonetic laws of the Spanish language. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: Span 201 or consent of instructor.  (F;S)

SPAN 305. Intermediate Spanish Conversation Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides practice in oral Spanish, focusing principally on the real-life contexts of social, commercial, and workplace settings. In addition, practice is provided in discussing topics of current interest, using national and international media as springboards for conversation. The course is conducted in Spanish. It may be taken simultaneously with SPAN 202.Prerequisite: SPAN 201 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

SPAN 306. Lati Cul in the United States Credit 3(3-0)
This course traces the history of Latino influence in the United States, from the arrival of the Spanish in the 1500s to the massive immigration of Latin Americans in the 20th and 21st centuries. It seeks to explain the reasons behind the migration northward, and to show how the Latino presence has changed how we think about race and ethnicity, education and language, labor and capital, religion and politics. The class is conducted in English. (F;S)

SPAN 400. Introduction to Literary Analysis Credit 3(3-0)
This course teaches the basic techniques of literary analysis, as well as the terminology and concepts used in understanding a variety of literary genres. Students will read both Latin American and Peninsular texts. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 and SPAN 301. (F;S)

SPAN 401. Afro-Hispanic Literature Credit 3(3-0)
The course is designed to provide the student with a general knowledge of Afro-Hispanic literature in its many manifestations throughout Spanish America and the Caribbean. Representative texts will be read within the context of the socio- historic and cultural influences that have shaped the black experience in Spanish America. The course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 400. (F;S)

SPAN 402. Survey of Latin American Literature I Credit 3(3-0)
This course is an overview of early Latin American literature, beginning with the Pre-Columbian period and ending with the wars of independence. It covers literary texts from several genres and offers a sampling of Latin America’s complex and diverse cultures. The works of canonical and non-canonical writers will be studied through close readings of the texts and the application of literary analysis techniques. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 400. (F;S)

SPAN 403. Survey of Latin American Literature II Credit 3(3-0)
This course covers representative texts from a variety of genres. Beginning with the modernista movement and ending at the present day, it examines the Latin American “Boom,” Latino writers in the U.S., and testimonial literature, among others. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 400, and SPAN 402 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

SPAN 404. Survey of Spanish Literature I Credit 3(3-0)
This course studies the literature of Spain from the Cid through the Golden Age. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 400. (F;S)

SPAN 405. Survey of Spanish Literature II Credit 3(3-0)
A continuation of SPAN 404, this course focuses on the literature of Spain from the seventeenth century to the present. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 400. (F;S)

SPAN 406. Special Topics Credit 3(3-0)
Topics to be studied may include linguistics, cinema, and specific literary periods, genres, or figures. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 400. (F;S)

SPAN 451. Spanish and Latino Culture Credit 3(3-0)
This course introduces students to the geography, history, literature, arts, and economics of the diverse peoples of Spain and the Americas. The course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

SPAN 452. Introduction to Spanish for Business Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed to enhance the student’s ability to relate to a business environment in an increasingly important commercial language both nationally and internationally. It will introduce the student to the vocabulary and discourse related to business topics and functional areas as well as to the cultural setting of business. These topics will be interwoven with a grammar review taught in a business context. The course will be conducted in Spanish and will include some translating activities. Prerequisite: SPAN202. (F;S)

SPAN 453. Advanced Spanish for Business Credit 3(3-0)
This course completes SPAN 452, instructing students in more advanced vocabulary and grammar, as well as offering further practice employing Spanish in a business context. The course is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 452. (F;S)

SPAN 454. Introduction to Spanish for Health Care Professionals Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed to enhance the student’s ability to succeed in a medical environment in which a facility with both English and Spanish is beneficial or required. SPAN 454 introduces students to vocabulary and modes of discourse related to the health care profession, as well as to a variety of health care settings. The course will be conducted in Spanish and will include grammar review and translation activities. Prerequisite: SPAN 202. (F;S)

SPAN 455. Advanced Spanish for Health Care Professionals Credit 3(3-0)
This course completes SPAN 454, instructing students in more advanced vocabulary and grammar, as well as offering further practice employing Spanish in a health care context. It is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN 454. (F;S)

SPAN 456. Americanos:  Latino Culture in the United States Credit 3(3-0)
This course studies different topics affecting Hispanic-Americans in the United States, like reasons for emigrating, U.S. immigration policy, assimilation, discrimination, affirmative action, bilingual education, alliance and conflict with African Americans in political and economic arenas, etc. The class will be conducted in Spanish, with an emphasis on discussion and composition. Prerequisite: SPAN 202 or consent of instructor. (F;S)

SPAN 457. Spanish for Law Enforcement Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes vocabulary, commands, and other terminology useful for the student aiming for a Law Enforcement career. Realistic situation (Miranda warning, high-stress circumstances, crime descriptions, finding out what happened) will be included. The class is conducted in Spanish. Prerequisites: SPAN 202 or consent of instructor.

SPAN 490. Independent Study in Foreign Languages Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes independent study and research in a special area of the foreign language. Prerequisite: SPAN 201 or SPAN305. (F;S)

SPAN 492. Seminar in Foreign Languages Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes discussion of readings and special topics in French and Spanish. Presentations from students, faculty and guest lecturers will supplement the discussion. Papers employing research techniques in literary studies are required of all candidates for a degree with concentrations within the Foreign Languages Department. Prerequisite: SPAN SPAN 201 or SPAN305. (F;S)

GERMAN

FOLA 102. Elementary German I Credit 3(3-0)
The fundamentals of pronunciation and grammar will be studied. Attention is given to prepared and sight translations and vocabulary building. (F;S)

FOLA 103. Elementary German II* Credit 3(3-0)
This course continues the emphasis on grammar, vocabulary building, prepared and sight translations. Maximum attention given to graded readings in German prose and drama. (F;S)

FOLA 202. German Readings in the Natural Social Sciences and Technical Field Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes individualized readings in the natural, social sciences and technical fields for students desirous of developing competency in German. (F;S)

FOLA 204. Introduction to Business German Credit 3(3-0)
This course will introduce students to the German language of everyday business dealings. Emphasis will be placed on those aspects that have an impact on the average citizen such as daily business dealings, social and environmental problems, and the dependence of the population on international trade. Prerequisites: FOLA 102 and 103. (F;S)

FOLA 420. Conversational German Credit 3(3-0)
This course includes intensive practice in everyday German. Prerequisite: German 102, 103, or approval of instructor. (F;S)

FOLA 422. Intermediate German I Credit 3(3-0)
This course is open to students who have completed German 102 and 103. The students read a cross-section of the simpler writings in German literature and German newspapers. (F;S)

FOLA 423. Intermediate German II Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of FOLA 422. Readings from German literature are included. (F;S)

FOLA 424. Afro-German Studies Credit 3(3-0)
Afro-German Studies will explore and discuss manuscripts either written by or written about Africans living in Germany and manuscripts written about or by Germans living in Africa. The manuscripts will be older and written in the older German script: some of the manuscripts will be current and modern. Prerequisites: FOLA 422 and 423. (F;S)

FOLA 427. Survey of German Literature Credit 3(3-0)
This course provides general introduction to the study of German literature. It is intended to give an overall picture of German literature and an opportunity to read outstanding works not offered in other German courses. (F;S)

RUSSIAN

FOLA 106. Elementary Russian I* Credit 3(3-0)
This is an elementary course for beginners which consists of grammar translation, practice in pronunciation and limited use of the spoken language. (F;S)

FOLA 107. Elementary Russian II* Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of Elementary Russian 106. Attention is given to more advanced grammar. Reading in Russian is stressed. Prerequisite: FOLA 106. (F;S)

FOLA 310. Literature of American Communism and Soviet Russia Credit 3(3-0)
This course surveys literature of communism from the depression era through present day in the United States and literature of Soviet Russia. Course materials will focus on autobiographies of the period, with an emphasis upon the black experience with communism in both the United States and Soviet Russia. The course is designed to give students a broader cultural understanding of how Americans and Russians view one another. The course is taught in translation. (F;S)

FOLA 311. Technical Russian Credit 3(3-0)
This course is designed to teach basic reading and translation skills as well as vocabulary building, with an emphasis on the sciences/engineering. Course readings will be selected based on enrolled students’ majors. The course is taught in translation. Prerequisites: FOLA 106 and 107. (F;S)

FOLA 322. Intermediate Russian I Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of basic Russian grammar. There is emphasis on reading, composition, and conversation. Prerequisite: FOLA 107. (F;S)

FOLA 323. Intermediate Russian II Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of Intermediate Russian I. Students will analyze well-known Russian works in order to develop a competency in Russian. Emphasis will also be placed on conversation and composition. Prerequisite: FOLA 322. (F;S)

JAPANESE

FOLA 108. Elementary Japanese I* Credit 3(3-0)
This is an elementary course for beginners, which consists of practice in pronunciation and usage of the spoken language. This course is designed to offer the basic foundation for the development of listening comprehension and speaking skills, and also provides an introduction into the Japanese culture. (F;S)

FOLA 109. Elementary Japanese II Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of Elementary Japanese I. The focus will be to examine the elementary Japanese alphabet called Hiragana through reading and writing. Prerequisite: FOLA 108. (F;S)

FOLA 308. Intermediate Japanese I Credit 3(3-0)
This course focuses on development of conversational skills, with practice of reading skills and Japanese characters. Speaking and listening practice will be aided through the usage of videotapes and other media. (F;S)

FOLA 309. Intermediate Japanese II* Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of FOLA 308. In addition to practice to improve oral proficiency, this course will reinforce reading and writing skills, with emphasis on composition and oral presentation. (F;S)

PORTUGUESE

FOLA 110. Elementary Portuguese I* Credit 3(3-0)
This is a course for beginners, which emphasizes the four skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The course is conducted in Portuguese. (F;S)

FOLA 111. Elementary Portuguese II* Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of Elementary Portuguese I and introduces students to more advanced grammar. There is emphasis on improving the four skills taught in Elementary Portuguese I. The course is taught in Portuguese. (F;S)

FOLA 314. Intermediate Portuguese I* Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation from Elementary Portuguese II. There is a review of grammar and introduction to more advanced grammar. The course places an emphasis on improving the skills taught in Elementary Portuguese II. The course is taught in Portuguese, and students begin reading essays and short stories in Portuguese. (F;S)

FOLA 315. Intermediate Portuguese II* Credit 3(3-0)
This course is a continuation of Intermediate Portuguese I. There are reviews and completion of Portuguese grammar. The course places an emphasis on improving the four skills of reading, listening, speaking, and writing. Students will also read short stories and essays. The course is conducted in Portuguese. (F;S)

*Students are required to purchase supplemental materials for these courses.